Free-to-play Ranged training

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This article is about the free-to-play guide. For the members' guide, see Pay-to-play Ranged training.

Ranged in the free-to-play worlds, while having less equipment and features than the member's worlds, provides some fun with the ability to battle monsters and players who would otherwise be out of reach.

This guide will provide the steps and choices of ranging depending on the player style and taste in training.

Equipment choice[edit | edit source]

The following below lists the choice of worn equipment for free-to-play rangers when training Ranged and Defence (for ranged armour).

Weapons[edit | edit source]

Rangers are advised to wield the best weapon their level can allow and to prepare money to buy the next bow they would need as their level will later allow them to wield. For new players, training arrows and bows are advised to save money at the start; they can be replaced with stronger bows later on.


Item Attack Bonuses Defence Bonuses Other
White dagger.png White scimitar.png White warhammer.png Magic icon.png Ranged icon.png White dagger.png White scimitar.png White warhammer.png Magic icon.png Ranged icon.png Strength icon.png Ranged Strength icon.png Magic Damage icon.png Prayer icon.png
Shortbow.png Shortbow 0 0 0 0 +8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0
Oak shortbow.png Oak shortbow 0 0 0 0 +14 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0
Willow shortbow.png Willow shortbow 0 0 0 0 +20 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0
Maple shortbow.png Maple shortbow 0 0 0 0 +29 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0

Shortbows are the most ideal training weapon type for most players. As far as training is concerned, shortbows are better as they can shoot faster than longbows because they have an attack speed of 4 compared to the longbows' attack speed of 6, and have the same hit rate and damage as longbows. This makes shortbows the most ideal range weapon in free-to-play.


Item Attack Bonuses Defence Bonuses Other
White dagger.png White scimitar.png White warhammer.png Magic icon.png Ranged icon.png White dagger.png White scimitar.png White warhammer.png Magic icon.png Ranged icon.png Strength icon.png Ranged Strength icon.png Magic Damage icon.png Prayer icon.png
Longbow.png Longbow 0 0 0 0 +8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0
Oak longbow.png Oak longbow 0 0 0 0 +14 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0
Willow longbow.png Willow longbow 0 0 0 0 +20 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0
Maple longbow.png Maple longbow 0 0 0 0 +29 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0

Longbows provide similar bonuses compared to shortbows of the same quality, but with a few notable differences. They shoot significantly slower (once per 5 ticks vs 3 ticks or 3 seconds vs 1.8 seconds on rapid) but also shoot 2 tiles further than shortbows on any attack setting. This makes them a niche weapon where you need to attack at a very long distance, as the shortbow is equal or superior in every way if you can get slightly closer.


Item Attack Bonuses Defence Bonuses Other
White dagger.png White scimitar.png White warhammer.png Magic icon.png Ranged icon.png White dagger.png White scimitar.png White warhammer.png Magic icon.png Ranged icon.png Strength icon.png Ranged Strength icon.png Magic Damage icon.png Prayer icon.png
Crossbow.png Crossbow 0 0 0 0 +6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0
Phoenix crossbow.png Phoenix crossbow 0 0 0 0 +6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0

Crossbows fill a specific niche for free-to-play players as they are the only one-handed ranged weapon available. Two crossbows are available to free-to-play players —the regular crossbow and the phoenix crossbow— both of which have the same stat bonuses, albeit, the phoenix crossbow weighs less than the regular crossbow but can only be obtained by taking the Black Arm Gang path of the Shield of Arrav quest. Both of these crossbows only have access to bronze bolts, which are similar in strength to iron arrows, but cost significantly less with most ranged shops always selling bronze bolts for only 1gp each. Crossbows have a slower fire rate than a shortbow, with an attack speed of 5 (3 seconds) vs an attack speed of 7 (1.8 seconds) while on rapid. Crossbows allow players to wield a shield on their shield slot, allowing rangers to add up some defences against melee and range attacks, or use the anti-dragon shield for Dragon Slayer I. However, wearing most shields will also result in ranging penalty with metal kiteshields providing a larger penalty than a square shield. It's not recommended to use a crossbow beyond the early levels as the attack speed, ranged bonus, and the potential of stronger arrows of the shortbow quickly surpass it when a shield is not needed.

Armour[edit | edit source]

Rangers should wear the best ranged armour their money and level can provide or allow. Most ranging equipment sets are cheaper than their melee counterpart and should be no trouble for most players. Free-to-play players can also craft the most basic ranging armour such as the leather chaps up to the hardleather body.

Rangers are advised to get the best full ranging armour from head and body down to vambraces. Better ranging armour not only provides better overall protection from magic, melee, and range attacks, it also provides improved ranged accuracy, which improves experience per hour. However, ranging armour is weaker to both range and melee attacks than their melee armour counterpart so rangers who were once training on melee must take this weakness into consideration.

Leather armour for Defence and Ranged Levels 1–9

Item Attack Bonuses Defence Bonuses Other
White dagger.png White scimitar.png White warhammer.png Magic icon.png Ranged icon.png White dagger.png White scimitar.png White warhammer.png Magic icon.png Ranged icon.png Strength icon.png Ranged Strength icon.png Magic Damage icon.png Prayer icon.png
Leather cowl.png Leather cowl 0 0 0 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 +2 +3 0 0 0% 0
Leather body.png Leather body 0 0 0 -2 +2 +8 +9 +10 +4 +9 0 0 0% 0
Leather chaps.png Leather chaps 0 0 0 0 +4 +2 +2 +1 0 0 0 0 0% 0
Leather vambraces.png Leather vambraces 0 0 0 0 +4 +2 +2 +1 0 0 0 0 0% 0
Leather boots.png Leather boots 0 0 0 0 0 0 +1 +1 0 0 0 0 0% 0
Totals 0 0 0 -2 +11 +14 +17 +17 +6 +12 0 0 0% 0

Players should get a leather cowl, a pair of leather chaps, a pair of leather vambraces and a leather body should they be able to acquire these items. These items have no skill requirements. These items are fairly easy to craft because they are made from cowhides, and all the supplies necessary can be found in either Lumbridge or Al Kharid. While leather boots are part of the leather set, they provide no ranged attack bonus; however, leather boots still provide the best defence for free-to-play rangers at all levels with no ranged penalties, making them the best-in-slot boots for Ranged. For more information about the leather armour and how to craft them, please see their articles and the Crafting skill.

Swap leather body for hardleather body for Defence Levels 10–19

Item Attack Bonuses Defence Bonuses Other
White dagger.png White scimitar.png White warhammer.png Magic icon.png Ranged icon.png White dagger.png White scimitar.png White warhammer.png Magic icon.png Ranged icon.png Strength icon.png Ranged Strength icon.png Magic Damage icon.png Prayer icon.png
Hardleather body.png Hardleather body 0 0 0 -4 +8 +12 +15 +18 +6 +15 0 0 0% 0
Leather body.png Leather body 0 0 0 -2 +2 +8 +9 +10 +4 +9 0 0 0% 0

Rangers should replace their leather body with a hardleather body once their Defence is at 10. Hardleather body provides +6 more ranged attack bonus than the leather body. Players can craft hard leather into a hardleather body when their Crafting level is 28 or higher, or buy one from the Grand Exchange.

Studded leather armour for Defence and Ranged Levels 20–39

Item Attack Bonuses Defence Bonuses Other
White dagger.png White scimitar.png White warhammer.png Magic icon.png Ranged icon.png White dagger.png White scimitar.png White warhammer.png Magic icon.png Ranged icon.png Strength icon.png Ranged Strength icon.png Magic Damage icon.png Prayer icon.png
Coif.png Coif 0 0 0 -1 +2 +4 +6 +8 +4 +4 0 0 0% 0
Studded body.png Studded body 0 0 0 -4 +8 +18 +25 +22 +8 +25 0 0 0% 0
Studded chaps.png Studded chaps 0 0 0 -5 +6 +15 +16 +17 +6 +16 0 0 0% 0
Totals 0 0 0 -10 +16 +37 +47 +47 +18 +45 0 0 0% 0

At Level 20 Defence and Ranged, rangers are recommended to buy a coif, a studded body, and a pair of studded chaps. The studded body and chaps can be bought in Varrock from Horvik, and the coif can be bought from the Champions' Guild (which requires 32 quest points to enter), but the coif can only be crafted by members.

Green dragonhide armour for Defence and Ranged Levels 40 and higher

Item Attack Bonuses Defence Bonuses Other
White dagger.png White scimitar.png White warhammer.png Magic icon.png Ranged icon.png White dagger.png White scimitar.png White warhammer.png Magic icon.png Ranged icon.png Strength icon.png Ranged Strength icon.png Magic Damage icon.png Prayer icon.png
Green d'hide body.png Green d'hide body 0 0 0 -15 +15 +40 +32 +45 +20 +40 0 0 0% 0
Green d'hide chaps.png Green d'hide chaps 0 0 0 -10 +8 +22 +16 +24 +8 +22 0 0 0% 0
Green d'hide vambraces.png Green d'hide vambraces 0 0 0 -10 +8 +3 +2 +4 +2 0 0 0 0% 0
Totals 0 0 0 -35 +31 +65 +50 +73 +30 +62 0 0 0% 0

Players can now use green dragonhide chaps and vambraces, both of which can be bought from the Champions' Guild. The green dragonhide body can only be worn after achieving Defence and Ranged level of 40 and after finishing the quest Dragon Slayer I. Players who have finished the quest Dragon Slayer I and have fulfilled the minimum level requirements should equip these items as soon as possible since the full green dragon armour can greatly increase accuracy and protection much more than other free-to-play ranging armour.

Neck slot[edit | edit source]

Like Ranged armour, amulets can provide either an improvement in Ranged accuracy, defensive stats, or both. The most powerful ranged amulet in free-to-play is the amulet of power. Since no store sells enchanted amulets, it is advised that iron men owning any amulet judiciously decide whether to carry them or not.

Item Attack Bonuses Defence Bonuses Other
White dagger.png White scimitar.png White warhammer.png Magic icon.png Ranged icon.png White dagger.png White scimitar.png White warhammer.png Magic icon.png Ranged icon.png Strength icon.png Ranged Strength icon.png Magic Damage icon.png Prayer icon.png
Amulet of accuracy.png Amulet of accuracy +4 +4 +4 +4 +4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0
Amulet of defence.png Amulet of defence 0 0 0 0 0 +7 +7 +7 +7 +7 0 0 0% 0
Amulet of power.png Amulet of power +6 +6 +6 +6 +6 +6 +6 +6 +6 +6 +6 0 0% +1

Amulet of accuracy

The amulet of accuracy is acquired after completing the Imp Catcher quest and provides a fair boost to ranged, as well as magic and melee attacks. However, many players find the bonuses provided in this amulet mediocre and skip over it opting for the amulet of power instead. Should a player (especially an ironman player) lose their amulet of accuracy and wish to acquire another one before obtaining the amulet of power, the player can kill imps until they get another set of coloured beads that can be given to Wizard Grayzag at the Wizards' Tower.

Amulet of defence

The amulet of defence provides the highest boost of defence against magic, range, and melee attack of any amulet in free-to-play worlds. This amulet is recommended for players with low Defence as well as players trying out new training grounds as these amulets are not expensive and can be crafted at a fairly low Crafting level.

If the player desires to fill the amulet slot to practice on new training grounds, especially when fighting stronger monsters, the Amulet of defence is advised due to its cost, low crafting requirement to craft one, and its availability in terms of item and raw material to make them.

Amulet of power

The amulet of power is the most powerful amulet overall in free-to-play world. In terms of Ranged, it provides the best ranging bonuses among free-to-play amulets, enough to make a difference in accuracy even with the best ranging equipment, while also providing defensive bonuses only slightly worse than an amulet of defence. Since the amulet of power is very powerful for both ranged and melee combat and has no stat requirements, it's beneficial to acquire one as soon as possible on any account.

Ammunition slot[edit | edit source]

For new players, the training arrows are the best as they are free and are the only arrows that cannot be picked up from other players. However, as the Ranged level advances and strong monsters to be fought becomes tough enough to withstand the training arrows, players would be advised to get stronger arrows.

Any player wielding an oak bow or stronger should be prepared with bronze arrows (sometimes in the hundreds) since the training arrows can only be used with the training bow. Depending on the player's financial capacity and willingness to spend (stronger arrows are generally more expensive) and the monster's maximum hitpoints (stronger arrows increase damage while not affecting accuracy) players can train with any arrows in any amount, adamant arrows being the most powerful available in free-to-play.

The below chart for prices should be consulted before purchasing large quantities of arrows. Note that moving up from one tier of arrows to the next will increase max hit by 0-2 damage each. For example, at level 40 Ranged with the rapid attack style, when moving from iron arrows to steel or mithril arrows your max hit will stay at 6 damage and therefore all three will function identically; however, when moving from mithril to adamant, your max hit will increase by 1 to a total of 7 damage, increasing your rate of experience per hour by 16.6%.

Ammunition type Bow type Ranged Attack.png Ranged Strength.png GE Price Store Price
Training arrows 5.pngTraining arrows Training bow 1 +7 N/A N/A
Bronze arrow 5.pngBronze arrow All bows except Training bow 1 +7 4 1
Bronze bolts 5.pngBronze bolts Crossbow or phoenix crossbow 1 +10 2 1
Iron arrow 5.pngIron arrow All bows except Training bow 1 +10 3 3
Steel arrow 5.pngSteel arrow Oak or stronger 5 +16 10 12
Mithril arrow 5.pngMithril arrow Willow or stronger 20 +22 10 32
Adamant arrow 5.pngAdamant arrow Maple 30 +31 26 80

Bronze bolts

Bronze bolts are usable only in a crossbow or phoenix crossbow. For the most part, this combination of crossbow and bolts are comparable in terms of training result to the combination of training arrows and training bow or bronze arrows and shortbow. Crossbow are slower in terms of fire rate than a shortbow, and because of the free training bow and training arrow, many players choose not to train with crossbows since they can get free arrows from the ranging tutor in Lumbridge. Crossbows and bolts can be acquired either from shops, monster drops (goblins drop bronze bolts), or other players.

Training arrows

All new players should train with training arrows and a training bow first until they reach level 10 Ranged, at which point they can wield an oak short/longbow (which training arrows cannot be equipped with as ammunition). Note that training arrows can serve as ammunition only to the training bow, and the training bow cannot use any other arrows as ammunition.

Players wishing to save money can keep training with training arrows, however by the time players reach level 20, training using the training arrows becomes impractical as it takes much more experience points and therefore much more arrows to train well. This impracticality stems on the fact that:

  • only the range tutor can provide training arrows
  • training arrows cannot be traded from other players
  • the ranged combat tutor gives only 25 training arrows at a time
  • training arrows cannot be dropped but can be destroyed
  • it takes 30 minutes of time elapsed before the ranged tutor can give more arrows
  • it's not easily possible to obtain more than 25 training arrows as the ranged tutor will not give training arrows to players who still have training arrows in their inventory or bank (even if it is just 1 training arrow)

Bronze arrows

Bronze arrows wielded with an ordinary shortbow are equally strong as training arrows with a training bow. Bronze arrows are advised for players who wish to use more than the 25 basic training arrows provided every 30 minutes, as well as those using oak or stronger bows.

However, since bronze arrows are weaker than iron and since the Stronghold of Security's Minotaurs drop large amounts of iron arrows frequently, combined with the notoriety of bronze arrows getting sold out from arrow or ranging shops, bronze arrows are not as popular or as good to train with as iron arrows.

Players are advised to keep collecting bronze arrows and buying them from general shop (which sometimes can have a small supply of bronze arrows) when they get a chance as an extra set of arrows to keep pushing their supply up.

Iron arrows

Iron arrows are stronger than bronze arrows, but are more expensive. The cost of iron arrows limiting its use in Ranged were overcome with the update of the Stronghold of Security and the minotaurs in it (which is known to drop plenty of iron arrows).

Iron arrows are much better than bronze, increasing one's maximum hit.

Players training Ranged should take every opportunity to go to the Stronghold of Security and fight the minotaurs at the vault of war to get iron arrows. Some range and melee hybrids may find it easier to melee the minotaurs. However this is based entirely on your Attack and Strength levels which vary from player to player.

Steel arrows

Steel arrows are more powerful than iron arrows—known to deal 12 points of damage with a high enough Ranged level. Unlike iron or bronze arrows, steel arrows are hard to acquire for most rangers in training.

Steel arrows are considered the most expensive arrows that are still practical for training—in terms of cost and supply. Players may buy steel arrows from shops and other players with each steel arrows costing almost five times as much as iron, depending on the supply of the ranging shop and the prices the selling player declares.

Another way of getting steel arrows are to kill the zombies at the Stronghold of Security in the Catacomb of Famine level (level 2 dungeon). This method, however, is very tedious because of the following:

  • The Catacomb of Famine has very limited safespots from zombies.
  • The zombies are aggressive and are of higher level (unlike the Minotaur).
  • The place is not a multi-combat area.
  • Zombies drop fewer steel arrows than Minotaurs drop iron arrows.

Nevertheless, steel arrows are still the choice of arrows for demon-killing and giant-hunting rangers as it does pack quite a punch against these tough monsters.

Mithril arrows

Mithril arrows are very difficult to acquire. For free-to-play, the only possible means of getting mithril arrows is by buying from shops, buying them off other players, or getting them as monster drops. Monsters which drop mithril arrows are catablepons and White Knights. However, many players who had a large stock on mithril arrows (especially those who were once members and had made many mithril arrows) would choose to train their Ranged using mithril arrows as a way of spending them. Mithril arrows could be easily acquired through the Wilderness, as they are commonly used for player killing.

Adamant arrows

Adamant arrows are the most expensive and powerful arrows in free-to-play and are almost exclusively used in player killing and for training on ogresses and other high-level monsters with rewarding drops. Because an adamant arrow can cost as much as 6 steel arrows, adamant arrows are often sold to other players (usually player killers) if they are not used. A quick way to obtain adamant arrows is to go on a free-to-play Wilderness world and pick them up from the wilderness.

Even with the cost of an adamant arrow, it is not impossible for very rich, high-level players to use them against lesser demons and ogresses. Players can still possibly make a profit from training on ogresses in the Corsair Cove Dungeon from using mithril or adamant arrows. For ironmen, it is recommended to purchase up to 50 or 100 adamant arrows from Lowe's Archery Emporium per world when training and money making on ogresses.

Shooting techniques[edit | edit source]


The accurate style of attack gives an invisible +3 Ranged level boost, increasing accuracy and maximum damage.

For the most part, accurate attack style is recommended only when the player's Ranged skill is 10 levels above the targeted monster or is above level 70, whichever is met. If neither of these conditions is met, the accurate shot usually fares more poorly than the rapid shot.

Because arrow loss increases with higher damage inflicted towards the target, it is expected that arrow loss is high with this technique.


The rapid attack style increases the attack speed of the weapon by 1 (attacks come out 0.6 seconds faster), but do not increase one's ranged level. This technique is recommended for Ranged training at any level as it kills targets faster than any technique, thereby accelerating Ranged experience gains. However, players are advised to have plenty of arrows to do this.

Long range

The long range attack style gives an invisible +3 Defence bonus and increases the attack range of an attack by 2 squares (up to 10), but reduces the attack speed by 1 (attacks come out 0.6 seconds slower). In terms of range training, this technique is not recommended as it is slow, and it spends money in arrows to train Defence when Defence can be trained for free with melee.

Maximum hit[edit | edit source]

The maximum hit for free-to-play ranged is dependent on two factors: ranged level and arrow type. Note that any other equipment such as bow quality has no direct effect on max hit (though it does increase accuracy and therefore damage per second), it just allows you to use better arrows. When there is overlap in maximum hit between the various arrows, it is best to use the cheapest one. For example, at ranged level 24 a bronze arrow is identical to a mithril arrow in terms of damage output, therefore it is recommended to train using the cheaper bronze arrow. Your maximum hit may also increase due to your shooting style. The accurate style grants +3 to your ranged level, the rapid style grants +0, and the long range style also grants +0.

Levels 1-102[edit | edit source]

Arrow Type
Level Bronze Iron[1] Steel Mithril Adamant
1 1 1 - - -
2 1 1 - - -
3 1 1 - - -
4 1 1 - - -
5 1 2 2 - -
6 2 2 2 - -
7 2 2 2 - -
8 2 2 2 - -
9 2 2 2 - -
10 2 2 2 - -
11 2 2 2 - -
12 2 2 3 - -
13 2 2 3 - -
14 2 3 3 - -
15 3 3 3 - -
16 3 3 3 - -
17 3 3 3 - -
18 3 3 3 - -
19 3 3 3 - -
20 3 3 4 4 -
21 3 3 4 4 -
22 3 3 4 4 -
23 3 4 4 4 -
24 4 4 4 4 -
25 4 4 4 4 -
26 4 4 4 5 -
27 4 4 4 5 -
28 4 4 5 5 -
29 4 4 5 5 -
30 4 4 5 5 6
31 4 5 5 5 6
32 4 5 5 5 6
33 5 5 5 6 6
34 5 5 5 6 6
35 5 5 5 6 6
36 5 5 6 6 7
37 5 5 6 6 7
38 5 5 6 6 7
39 5 5 6 6 7
40 5 6 6 6 7
41 5 6 6 7 7
42 6 6 6 7 7
43 6 6 6 7 8
44 6 6 7 7 8
45 6 6 7 7 8
46 6 6 7 7 8
47 6 6 7 7 8
48 6 6 7 8 8
49 6 7 7 8 8
50 6 7 7 8 9
51 7 7 7 8 9
52 7 7 8 8 9
53 7 7 8 8 9
54 7 7 8 8 9
55 7 7 8 8 9
56 7 7 8 9 10
57 7 8 8 9 10
58 7 8 8 9 10
59 7 8 8 9 10
60 8 8 9 9 10
61 8 8 9 9 10
62 8 8 9 9 10
63 8 8 9 10 11
64 8 8 9 10 11
65 8 8 9 10 11
66 8 9 9 10 11
67 8 9 9 10 11
68 8 9 10 10 11
69 9 9 10 10 11
70 9 9 10 10 12
71 9 9 10 11 12
72 9 9 10 11 12
73 9 9 10 11 12
74 9 9 10 11 12
75 9 10 10 11 12
76 9 10 11 11 12
77 9 10 11 11 13
78 10 10 11 12 13
79 10 10 11 12 13
80 10 10 11 12 13
81 10 10 11 12 13
82 10 10 11 12 13
83 10 11 11 12 14
84 10 11 12 12 14
85 10 11 12 12 14
86 10 11 12 13 14
87 11 11 12 13 14
88 11 11 12 13 14
89 11 11 12 13 14
90 11 11 12 13 15
91 11 11 12 13 15
92 11 12 13 13 15
93 11 12 13 14 15
94 11 12 13 14 15
95 11 12 13 14 15
96 12 12 13 14 15
97 12 12 13 14 16
98 12 12 13 14 16
99 12 12 13 14 16
100 12 12 14 15 16
101 12 13 14 15 16
102 12 13 14 15 16
  1. Bronze bolts have the same maximum hit as iron arrows for any given ranged level.

Monsters for training[edit | edit source]

Beginner-level monsters[edit | edit source]

Chickens (combat level 1), cows (combat level 2) or goblins (combat level 2)[edit | edit source]

For starters, training in Lumbridge is considered the best as there are plenty of chickens, cows, and goblins around the area. In addition to these monsters, Lumbridge also has plenty of food available - a tutor fishing spot in the south, a fishing spot near the goblin house, and a cow pen. Many tutors are also stationed in Lumbridge, guiding and providing information to new players and sometimes providing free items such as training arrows and bows for those who use them.

Goblins drop many items, including bolts for crossbows which can help players keep a supply of ammunition. Chickens drop raw chickens which can be cooked for food in training as well as feathers which can be used for Fishing. Cows drop raw beefs which can also be used for cooking as well as cow hides for crafting leather and hard leather.

For the most part, the advantage of ranging goblins, chickens and cows lies in their low combat level; they can barely hit a player.

The disadvantage of these monsters arise when the player's Ranged and overall combat level becomes high enough that the health points of these monsters become too low that they often die in one shot and their drops becomes unsatisfactory as higher-level players would seek stronger monsters to supply their material demands.

Monks (combat level 5)[edit | edit source]

Monks are great enemies to train on since they have a decent amount of hitpoints of 15, they do almost no damage (1 point of damage), and they heal you for free. You can find them in the Monastery (north-west of Barbarian Village). Even at higher levels, this is still a good place to train. The only cons are that many people train here and it's hard to find a non-crowded world.

Low-level monsters[edit | edit source]

Wizards (combat level 9) or dark wizards (combat levels 7 or 20)[edit | edit source]

For players achieving level 20 or higher Ranged level, the two dark wizards in Draynor Village, found among the willow trees near the bank, provide good Ranged training as their magic is often blocked by studded armour. Nearby is the Wizards' Tower, which is home to many level 9 wizards.

For players level 41 combat and over 30 Ranged can start fighting wizards at Delrith's circle south of Varrock as they drop even more runes (along with being one of the highest likelihood sources for beginner clue scrolls) and are in greater number giving less likelihood of training overcrowding from other players.

Wizards drop copious amounts of runes which can be sold to other players or magic shops or can be later used for Magic training. They are noted for their higher level rune drops, such as nature runes.

Players are, however, advised to have a good supply of food against wizards as the level 7 ones can have a maximum hit of 4 and the level 20 dark wizards can hit up to 6, and frequently do.

One of the main advantages of training Ranged on wizards is that because they use a magic attack they stay where they are to attack. This means that when a player collects their arrows they will be all in the same spot. Melee targets will try to get as close as possible and will move, causing arrows to be scattered.

Minotaurs (combat level 12 or 27)[edit | edit source]

Minotaurs can be fought once players reach level 25 combat and Ranged level over 20. Minotaurs are non-aggressive (attacking only if it is attacked first), allowing an inexperienced or distressed player not to be mobbed down.

Since minotaurs are weaker to melee than range, players who have good Strength, Attack, and Defence and are yet to experience ranging Minotaur should bring with them a melee weapon just in case minotaurs prove harder to range than expected. For experienced and high level players, Minotaurs are easy to kill.

The minotaurs are found in the vault of war (the first level of the Stronghold of Security, which is found in the barbarian village) and because of their ease to kill and their drop of iron arrows, minotaurs tend to be heavily trained and fought over many players, leading to training overcrowding.

Minotaurs drop a large amount of iron arrows (more than what is spent). As a result, players wanting to save money or wanting to train pure rangers can keep training on minotaurs until they reach their desired level.

Barbarians (combat level 17)[edit | edit source]

For players achieving 40 or higher Ranged level, barbarians are good to train on.

Attack the ones in the long hall at the north end of Barbarian Village. You can shoot these across the tables and go and pick up your arrows once they are dead. The other barbarians are not aggressive so you can pick up your arrows in safety. On the tables there is beer and cooked meat spawns. This is a place where you should train with a maple short bow and iron arrows or it will take a bit too long to kill them.

These monsters are popular to train with due to being easy to kill and there being food spawns. They do not drop very good items apart from a few iron items for low leveled or poor players.

For armour you should bring the best one possible. For bow it should be the best one possible and use iron arrows. Bring a power amulet if you can afford one since there is little chance of death since they are not aggressive. An amulet of accuracy will be fine. Bring little food as there is readily available food there.

Mid-level monsters[edit | edit source]

Flesh Crawlers (combat levels 28, 35 or 41)[edit | edit source]

Flesh Crawlers are relatively weak monsters to high-level players. They are one of the few weak monsters to be less trained at by players because of their remote location. These monsters have relatively poor drops but are very vulnerable to attacks. All players, however, should be warned that Flesh Crawlers are highly aggressive at all combat levels and players who had not encountered these monsters before should survey them first, as flesh crawlers, despite being viewed as weak to most players, are known to kill players at combat level 20–30 within seconds.

Since Flesh Crawlers are always aggressive to players of all levels, players with high Defence could take advantage of their aggression to afk train Ranged. See the Flesh Crawlers and zombies section for more details.

Hill giants (combat level 28)[edit | edit source]

Hill giants are monsters commonly trained on by mid-level rangers. In free-to-play worlds, they can be found in:

Hill giants can drop both iron arrows and steel arrows to allow longer training periods until restocking is required. Hill giants always drop big bones (165) that can be used for Prayer training or players can sell them on the Grand Exchange for coins (profitable, but reduces effective experience rates). They also commonly drop items that can be sold at the Grand Exchange for profit such as limpwurt roots (762), nature runes (180), and body talismans (1,601).

Moss giants (combat level 42)[edit | edit source]

For players achieving 45 or higher Ranged level, moss giants are also good to train at. These monsters are found at:

Moss giants have stronger defences than minotaurs and wizards to any arrows and much higher health points. However, moss giants have very good drops including big bones (which it always drops and provides much higher Prayer experience points than regular bones or otherwise be sold for 165 coins), black square shields, steel bars, runes, and coins.

The moss giants are among the most popular training monsters for players, usually among warriors and rangers. As a result, training on moss giants tend to have a problem of overcrowding training and monster killing - so it is advised for players to change worlds should the area get too crowded.

Rangers new to training on moss giants are advised to bring iron or better arrows to train, a mithril or stronger weapon (not dagger), a teleport rune set (e.g. teleport to Varrock) and 10 salmon or better foods in case of emergency. It is suggested that rangers must restock their food supply whenever their food runs out (even with full health).

They can be found in the Wilderness, the innermost part of the Varrock Sewers and Crandor for free to play. It is not advised to train in the Wilderness due to PKers and the long distance to the bank. In the Varrock Sewers, there are two spawn locations but these are separated from each other. On Crandor there are several which spawn on the south side of the island. At both locations you can safe. However it may be advisable to train on Crandor mainly due to the fact that there are more spawns. Both locations tend to be crowded from melee and ranged training but Crandor is a single combat area. This means another player cannot deal more damage than you on that monster and therefore steal your drop.

High-level monsters[edit | edit source]

Lesser demons (combat level 82)[edit | edit source]

The lesser demons in Karamja and Crandor are attractive targets for the strongest players of RuneScape because of their expensive drops but seldom recommended to train at.

Lesser demons have significantly higher Defence than moss giants. While experienced players training their lesser accounts would start attacking lesser demons at level 55 Ranged, it is advised that new players must reach level 65 or higher Ranged before fighting the lesser demons.

The lesser demons, while weak against warriors in full rune, can deal significant (sometimes continuous and devastating) blows to rangers even if they are wearing full green dragonhide armour. Rangers are advised to bring or equip the following before fighting these monsters:

Amulets of power are recommended for all players fighting lesser demons.

Ankou (combat levels 75, 82 or 86)[edit | edit source]

While ankou have a lower combat level than lesser demons, ankou are much more durable so players must be much better equipped and prepared for ankou than they are for lesser demons. Players should be level 70 in Ranged or higher before they start fighting ankou. Before fighting ankou, the player must be prepared of the following:

Although there are ankou with much higher combat level in the Stronghold of Security, players are recommended to train on the weakest of ankou, those at level 76. Ankou are aggressive to any players but they are seldom being trained on because of their high combat level and their remote location. The items dropped by ankou are quite cheap compared to moss giants but players in training will find much less competition for monsters from other players.

Ogresses (combat level 82)[edit | edit source]

Ogresses are slower than ankou and lesser demons when it comes to ranged training due to their higher defences but they profit better when being ranged at high-level ranged. They are commonly trained and profited by high-level free players.

Ogress Warriors and Ogress Shamans can be fought and safespotted in various locations at the Corsair Cove Dungeon by traveling to Corsair Cove by Cabin Boy Colin, currently found on the piers to the west of Rimmington. Ogress Warriors and Ogress Shamans have a combat level of 82 with 82 hitpoints. They are recommended to be fought with Ranged of 60 to maintain profit but 50 Ranged is doable but slow to kill. While they are tougher enemies to kill, draining away arrows at Rapid style (Accurate may be more recommended at mid-levels of Ranged), Ogress Shamans have less ranged defence than Ogress Warriors, which makes Ogress Shamans a better option to train on for mid-level and high-level Ranged users, and due to the low range of Ogress Shamans' magical attacks, Ogress Shamans can be safespotted with a shortbow with the attack style set to accurate or rapid while still being out of the Ogress Shaman's magical attack range. Even though Ranged XP gained per hour will be slightly lower than ankou and lesser demons due to the Defence of ogresses, ogresses drop valuable items at an uncommon rate such as rune med helms (11,113), rune full helms (20,645) and rune battleaxes (24,498) that can be high level alchemized by players with 55+ level magic.

Before training and profiting on ogresses, it is recommended to:

  • Bring hundreds of mithril or adamant arrows if the player can afford a massive amount of these for faster damage per second and experience, otherwise, bring iron or steel arrows for better profit and relaxation while fighting. High-level ranged players should often gain a profit from the amount of arrows they will use against ogresses, even with the more expensive arrows. Ogresses also drop arrows that range from iron to mithril, which could also be used as substitute should the player run out of their primary arrows or save their strongest arrows.
  • Wear full green dragonhide armour with coif, amulet of power, and maple shortbow. Shortbows still have a longer attack range than Ogress Shamans' magical attacks.
  • 55 or higher Magic: Bring nature runes and a staff of fire (optional as ogresses can drop fire runes and nature runes) to high level alchemize rune drops and mithril kiteshields (1,021).
    • Optional: Bring a chisel to cut gems if you plan on cutting gems and high level alchemized gems (sapphires are recommended to be dropped after being cut due to their low high-level alchemy value).
  • Optional: Runes for Falador Teleport and travel down to Rimmington.
  • Bring few pieces of food if needed as ogresses can deal up to 8 hitpoints of damage. Ogresses stop becoming aggressive in a short area after staying in the area for 10 minutes. Alternatively, loaves of bread spawn in certain areas of the Corsair Cove Dungeon.

Alternative methods towards 99 Ranged[edit | edit source]

Unlike the above methods, where the player would often be safespotting enemies, these alternative methods may be riskier but may provide faster experience rates and may be more relaxed than the above methods.

Flesh Crawlers and zombies (combat levels vary)[edit | edit source]

Mid-level rangers with mid to high defences who don't mind wasting thousands of bronze arrows (4) or iron arrows (3) while ignoring all drops could train against Flesh Crawlers and zombies at the Catacomb of Famine (level 2) of the Stronghold of Security as Flesh Crawlers have low Defence and are always aggressive to players of all levels. However, zombies are only aggressive to players up to twice their level. After 10 minutes has passed, aggression will end and players would have to move into another aggressive area to reset aggression.

  • Players with a decent amount of Defence (40+ Defence for the best Ranged equipment but higher Defence is recommended) could train Ranged at the low-level Flesh Crawlers (combat level 28) and low-level zombies (combat level 30) just south-west of the ladder with little attention but these zombies will no longer become aggressive after the player has a combat level of 61 or higher.
  • Players with high Defence (60+ Defence but higher Defence is recommended) could train Ranged at high-level Flesh Crawlers (combat level 41) and mid-level zombies (combat level 44) in the area southwest of the centre exit. This area has a lot of Flesh Crawlers to afk train on. The zombies in this area will no longer become aggressive towards the player at a combat level of 89 or higher but the area has plenty of Flesh Crawlers.
  • Players with high Defence (60+ Defence but higher Defence is recommended) could train Ranged at high-level Flesh Crawlers (combat level 41) and high-level zombies (combat level 53) in the north-western corner of the area. The zombies in this area will no longer become aggressive towards the player at a combat level of 107 or higher and since there are a small amount of Flesh Crawlers, this area will no longer be recommended to train at and the above option or giant spiders are more recommended.

As for food since higher-level Flesher Crawlers will quickly deal 1 HP of damage more accurately, bring high healing food. Alternatively, players with a Fishing level of 20 and a Cooking level of 15 can fish and cook trout (and Salmon at a Fishing level of 30 and a Cooking level of 25) with a fly fishing rod and a lot of bait by River Lum at the riverbank of Barbarian Village for food (or collect them from other players if they drop any as it's a common place for powerfishing). Just keep in mind that higher-level Flesh Crawlers can quickly hit players accurately with of 1 hitpoint of damage each hit (even with high Defence).

Hardcore ironman chat badge.png Hardcore ironmen players trying this training method MUST pay attention to their hitpoints at all times and cannot leave their character unattended while fighting these aggressive monsters. Be sure to exit through a gate into a safe hall if going unattended.

Giant spiders (combat level 50)[edit | edit source]

Alternatively, high-level rangers with high defences (80+ Defence recommended with ranged equipment, otherwise bring some armour with good stab defence without too much ranged attack bonus penalities) who don't mind wasting thousands of bronze arrows (4) or iron arrows (3) could train against giant spiders in the third level of Stronghold of Security towards 99 as they are also aggresive towards players of all levels for 10 minutes until the player resets their aggression timer by moving into a new aggressive area.

Players could either bring their own full inventories of high-healing food (such as anchovy pizza or swordfish) or bring a fly fishing rod and a lot of feathers to fish for food by Barbarian Village's riverbank (or gather food from other players' drops if any).

While this is a more relaxing training method for high-level players wanting to get to 99 Ranged in free-to-play with less effort, players must often check on their character's hitpoints at times as rangers can easily be killed by these aggressive giant spiders as these giant spiders can often hit a ranger with a maximum damage of 7 points, even with a high Defence level. Hardcore ironman chat badge.png Hardcore ironmen players trying this training method MUST pay attention to their hitpoints at all times and cannot leave their character unattended while fighting these aggressive giant spiders. Be sure to exit through a gate into a safe hall if going unattended.

Flesh Crawlers or giant spiders[edit | edit source]

Both monsters are aggressive to players at all levels, making them both afk-able for 10 minutes until their aggression ends. However, it is highly recommended to have high Defence against both types of monsters and have a full inventory of food.

  • Flesh Crawlers only deal 1 HP of damage per hit but higher-level Flesh Crawlers have high Attack and can quickly hit 1's accurately. However, at higher Defence levels, you don't need to heal as often and you will likely last a lot longer against Level 41 Flesh Crawlers than giant spiders.
  • While Level 50 giant spiders have less Attack than Flesh Crawlers (even Level 28 Flesh Crawlers have more accurate hits than giant spiders), they can deal a maximum damage of 7 HP to the player when they do hit. You'll likely be healing more often whenever you take damage especially.
  • Flesh Crawlers of all levels have less Defence than giant spiders, making each arrow land more accurately, but giant spiders have more HP to take more maximum damage from arrows.
  • Giant spiders don't drop items but if you don't mind having less Ranged XP per second, you could pick up coins and items from the Flesh Crawlers including body runes (to be sold at the Grand Exchange or be used for magic) and occassionally the bottom of sceptre, which could be used to build or recharge skull sceptres.

In summary, Flesh Crawlers have less Defence, deal less damage per second than giant spiders to the player (causing the player to heal less often), and have item drops (preferrably to ignore them for best Ranged XP per hour). While it is preferrable to train on Flesh Crawlers southwest of the centre exit of the second level of the Stronghold of Security or the southeastern corner, giant spiders are an okay alternative for high Defence players.