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This article is about the Mining skill. For information on training Mining, see Mining training (F2P) (P2P).
For a list of all requirements and unlockables within the Mining skill, see Mining/Level up table.

Mining is a skill that allows players to obtain ores and gems from rocks. With ores, a player can then either smelt bars and make equipment using the Smithing skill or sell them for profit. Mining is one of the most popular skills in RuneScape as many players try to earn a profit from the skill. Mining areas are identified with a regular pickaxe Mining site icon.png icon, and mining shops are identified with a gold pickaxe Mining shop icon.png icon on the minimap and world map.

Audio options icon.png
Mining level up - normal
The music that plays when levelling up.
Audio options icon.png
Mining level up - with unlocks
The music that plays when levelling up and unlocking new content.

How to mine[edit | edit source]

A player using a rune pickaxe to mine ores.

To mine, a player will first need a pickaxe. Upon locating a mine, the player can select a rock and left-click it to begin mining. As a player is mining a rock, they will eventually obtain an ore (or a gemstone). This ore can either be used in the Smithing skill or it can be sold.

Every mining cycle, there is a chance to succeed and obtain an ore. Using a higher-tier pickaxe can both increase mining speed and increase the chance of success when mining.

Pickaxes[edit | edit source]

Main article: Pickaxe

Pickaxes, or "picks," are needed to mine rocks. They can be equipped as a weapon, giving players one extra space in their inventory. However, pickaxes cannot be made using the Smithing skill. Pickaxes can be bought from either Nurmof in the Dwarven Mine or Tati in Keldagrim, or from other players. Nurmof's Pickaxe Shop in the Dwarven Mine is labelled on the minimap as a gold pickaxe.

A player's Mining level determines the type of pickaxe they can mine with. Higher level pickaxes grant more frequent opportunities to obtain an ore from a rock, but have no effect upon the chance of successfully doing so.[1]

Pickaxe Mining Level Attack Level[p 1] GE Price Members
Bronze pickaxe.png Bronze pickaxe 1 1 46
Free-to-play icon.png
Iron pickaxe.png Iron pickaxe 1 1 29
Free-to-play icon.png
Steel pickaxe.png Steel pickaxe 6 5 592
Free-to-play icon.png
Black pickaxe.png Black pickaxe 11 10 2,874
Free-to-play icon.png
Mithril pickaxe.png Mithril pickaxe 21 20 348
Free-to-play icon.png
Adamant pickaxe.png Adamant pickaxe 31 30 1,866
Free-to-play icon.png
Rune pickaxe.png Rune pickaxe 41 40 18,721
Free-to-play icon.png
Dragon pickaxe.png Dragon pickaxe 61 60 4,919,711
Member icon.png
Infernal pickaxe.png Infernal pickaxe[p 2] 61 60 6,142,978[p 3]
Member icon.png
3rd age pickaxe.png 3rd age pickaxe 61 65 1,367,368,694
Member icon.png
Crystal pickaxe.png Crystal pickaxe[p 4] 71 70[p 5] N/A
Member icon.png
  1. The listed Attack levels are only required to wield the pickaxes, not use them.
  2. The infernal pickaxe also requires 85 Smithing to use.
  3. Listed price is the combined cost of a Smouldering stone and a Dragon pickaxe.
  4. Requires completion of Song of the Elves to create and use.
  5. The crystal pickaxe has an additional requirement of 50 Agility to wield.

Other equipment[edit | edit source]

Besides the pickaxes discussed above, the following items have some effect on mining:

Mineable items[edit | edit source]

Ores are obtained from the different types of rocks, usually found in mines. On the minimap, mines are labelled with a grey pickaxe. The colour of a rock corresponds to the ore's colour.

When players click on a rock, they will hit it with their pickaxe and try to get the ore out. The higher level rocks, such as mithril and adamantite, take longer for players to mine an ore out of them, making the player require patience.

After the ore has been mined, the rock will turn grey for a while. Eventually the ore will respawn and the rock will regain its colour. Players can only mine a rock when ore is available. Ore respawn times differ with the difficulty of the rock. For example, runite rocks take 12 minutes to respawn while iron rocks take about three seconds.

Mining Level Item Experience GE Price Notes Members
1 Clay.png Clay 5 149 Clay is used in Crafting to make small items such as pots.
Free-to-play icon.png
1 Rune essence.png Rune essence 5 11 To mine rune essence, players will need to complete the Rune Mysteries quest. It is used in the Runecraft skill. Rune essence does not have a respawn time, allowing players to click once on the rock and wait until their inventory is full.
Free-to-play icon.png
1 Copper ore.png Copper 17.5 77 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a copper ore with a tin ore to make a bronze bar.
Free-to-play icon.png
1 Tin ore.png Tin 17.5 67 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a copper ore with a tin ore to make a bronze bar.
Free-to-play icon.png
10 Limestone.png Limestone 26.5 156 Limestone is needed in the members' quest Regicide. It can be crafted into limestone bricks, which are used in the Construction skill. It is also used to smelt quicklime.
Member icon.png
10 Blurite ore.png Blurite 17.5 N/A Blurite ore is needed in the The Knight's Sword quest. It is also a crucial component for smelting blurite bars, used to create blurite crossbows and blurite bolts.
Free-to-play icon.png
15 Iron ore.png Iron 35 74 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt an iron ore to make an iron bar or smelt it with 2 coal to make a steel bar.
Free-to-play icon.png
20 Elemental ore.png Elemental 0 N/A Elemental ore can only be mined during and after the Elemental Workshop quests, and is smelted with 4 coal into an elemental metal which is used in making elemental shields and elemental helmets.
Member icon.png
20 Daeyalt ore.png Daeyalt 17 N/A Daeyalt ore can only be mined from the Meiyerditch Mine during and after the Darkness of Hallowvale quest. Mining 15 ores is required before being released from the mine. It is untradeable.
Member icon.png
20 Silver ore.png Silver 40 48 Silver ore is used in the Crafting skill to make items such as tiaras.
Free-to-play icon.png
22 Volcanic ash.png Volcanic ash 10 67 To mine volcanic ash, players will need to complete Bone Voyage. Ash is used to create compost potions and ultracompost.
Member icon.png
30 Pure essence.png Pure essence 5 2 To mine pure essence, players will need to complete the Rune Mysteries quest. It is used in the Runecraft skill. Pure essence does not have a respawn time, allowing players to click once on the rock and wait until their inventory is full.
Member icon.png
30 Coal.png Coal 50 143 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt coal with other ores as follows: 2 coal and an iron ore to make a steel bar, 4 coal and a mithril ore to make a mithril bar, 6 coal and an adamantite ore to make an adamantite bar, or 8 coal and a runite ore to make a runite bar.
Free-to-play icon.png
30 Pay-dirt.png Pay-dirt 60 N/A Pay-dirt can only be mined in the Motherlode Mine in the southern area of the Dwarven Mine. Can be cleaned using the machine in the centre of the mine. Ores received from this machine can range from coal to runite, depending on the player's Mining level.
Member icon.png
35 Sandstone.png Sandstone 30-60 N/A Available at the quarry south of the Bandit Camp in the Kharidian Desert. Used in the Enakhra's Lament quest.
Member icon.png
38 Dense essence block.png Dense essence block 12 N/A 38 Crafting is also required to mine these blocks. Dense essence blocks are used in the process to craft blood runes/soul runes on
Member icon.png
40 Gem rock.png Gem rocks 65 Variable Gem rocks are only available to members who have completed the Shilo Village quest. Gem rocks can also be found randomly during the Tai Bwo Wannai Cleanup minigame. Mining a gem rock gives the player a gem ranging from opal to diamond, which can be used in the Crafting skill.
Member icon.png
40 Gold ore.png Gold 65 168 Gold ore is used in the Crafting skill to make items such as jewellery.
Free-to-play icon.png
42 Volcanic sulphur.png Volcanic sulphur 25 N/A Used to make dynamite for the Blast mine. Players should wear face protection while mining volcanic sulphur to reduce the amount of damage intake from the gases.
Member icon.png
45 Granite.png Granite 50-75 N/A Available at the quarry south of the Bandit Camp in the Kharidian Desert. Used in Enakhra's Lament and King's Ransom.
Member icon.png
55 Mithril ore.png Mithril 80 124 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a mithril ore with four (4) coal to make a mithril bar.
Free-to-play icon.png
60 Lunar ore.png Lunar 0 N/A Used during the Lunar Diplomacy quest to make a lunar helm.
Member icon.png
65 Lovakite ore.png Lovakite 10 N/A Only found in Lovakengj. Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a lovakite ore with two (2) coal via Lovakite furnace to make a lovakite bar.
Member icon.png
70 Adamantite ore.png Adamantite 95 1,119 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt an adamantite ore with six (6) coal to make an adamantite bar.
Free-to-play icon.png
70 Soft clay.png Soft clay 5 187 Players can mine soft clay directly from soft clay rocks located in the mines of Prifddinas.
Member icon.png
72 Salt.png Salts 5 N/A These salts are found in the Salt Mine after completing Making Friends with My Arm. Salts are used to teleport to the Troll Stronghold/Weiss, light fire pits, or set up a POH teleport to the Troll Stronghold.
Member icon.png
85 Runite ore.png Runite 125 11,377 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a runite ore with eight (8) coal to make a runite bar.
Free-to-play icon.png
92 Amethyst.png Amethyst 240 3,310 Players can use the Crafting and Fletching skills to create ranging ammunition from amethyst.
Member icon.png

Gems[edit | edit source]

When mining, players have a 1/256 chance of mining an uncut gem in the rock instead of an ore; this neither depletes the ore nor grants mining experience.[2] Gems that can be found in rocks are uncut sapphires, uncut emeralds, uncut rubies and uncut diamonds.

A player's chances of finding gems are increased to 1/86 when wearing a charged amulet of glory.[3]

Geodes[edit | edit source]

Clue geodes are rare rocks that can be found when mining in place of receiving an ore. Searching them will give players a clue scroll of the same difficulty as the geode given.

Mines[edit | edit source]

Main article: Mines

Mines are areas where players can mine their ores. These may be on the surface or underground and are scattered around Gielinor. Some of these locations are accessible only after certain quests are complete and some are members-only.

Special mining areas[edit | edit source]

Mining Guild[edit | edit source]

Main article: Mining Guild

The Mining Guild is a special mining area within the dwarven mines, requiring level 60 Mining to enter (can be boosted). While accessible by Free-to-play players, an area of the mine is accessible solely by Members. There are numerous rocks in both sections, with especially large numbers of Coal rocks.

Within the members' area of the mining guild, players will receive an invisible +7 level boost to their Mining, and have a chance to receive unidentified minerals while mining, which can be traded in for various mining gloves. It also contains two Runite rocks and is the only place players can mine Amethyst. Players also have access to a Bank chest to deposit their ores quickly.

Motherlode Mine[edit | edit source]

Main article: Motherlode Mine

The Motherlode Mine, requiring level 30 Mining and found within the dwarven mines, allows players to instead mine Pay-dirt and deposit it into a dwarven machine. When withdrawn, the player receives various random ores attainable at their current mining level. This process also has a chance of rewarding Gold nuggets, used to purchase helpful mining-related items such as the Coal bag, Gem bag, and Prospector outfit, as well as Soft clay packs and Bags full of gems.

Blast mine[edit | edit source]

Main article: Blast mine

The Blast mine, requiring level 43 Mining and found within Lovakengj, allows players to collect Blasted ores through the use of Dynamite; the usage of which also rewards a small amount of Firemaking experience. Blasted ores are then deposited to obtain various random ores; the blast mine is unique as players can receive ores that have level requirements up to ten above their current level.

Coal Trucks[edit | edit source]

Main article: Coal Trucks

Tips[edit | edit source]

Power mining[edit | edit source]

Also known as drop mining, this is where a player fills their inventory with ores, drops them all, and repeats. While this method of mining allows players to raise their Mining level quickly, dropping a whole inventory of ores can take some time (although this can be minimised by making use of shift-click dropping). Also, by using this method, a player would be missing out on Smithing experience. Some locations useful for drop mining:

Power-mining iron[edit | edit source]

There are currently nine mines in RuneScape where three iron rocks in a triangular formation can be mined without moving, thus ideal for power levelling. They are as followed:

Mining gloves[edit | edit source]

Players can purchase two different types of Mining Gloves from the Mining Guild Mineral Exchange store in the Mining Guild. Each pair of gloves provide a chance of the rock not depleting, which is very beneficial for players powermining or mining higher tier ores.

The first pair, Mining gloves, provides a chance for extra ore from silver, coal, and gold. The second pair, Superior mining gloves, provide a chance for extra ore from mithril, adamantite, and runite. After purchasing both pairs of gloves, the player can combine the gloves to create Expert mining gloves by talking to Belona.

Reduce total weight[edit | edit source]

Players are recommended to wear few items or nothing at all other than their pickaxe. Members can wear the weight-reducing clothing. Wearing fewer items allows a player to run longer, as less energy is spent while running at lower weight values.

Switch worlds[edit | edit source]

For higher level rocks such as adamantite or runite, it is often faster to switch between worlds rather than waiting for the rocks to respawn. This is not recommended for lower level rocks as they respawn much faster.

Temporary boosts[edit | edit source]

Main article: Temporary skill boost
Boost Level
Visibility Other info
Mining cape.png Mining cape 1 Visible Activating the cape's effect will increase the corresponding skill by 1.
Spicy stew.png Spicy stew
(brown spice)
±0-5 Visible Depending on type of stew, any skill can be boosted or reduced by 0 to 5 levels randomly.
Braindeath 'rum'.png Braindeath 'rum' 1 Visible Decreases Defence by -10%, and Attack, Prayer, Ranged, Magic, Agility, and Herblore by -5%.
Dwarven stout.png Dwarven stout 1 Visible Reduces Attack and Strength by 3. Is available to free players.
Dwarven stout(m).png Mature dwarven stout 2 Visible Reduces Attack, Strength and Defence by 7.
Dragon pickaxe.png Dragon pickaxe 3 Visible Uses 100% of Special attack bar. Requires 60 Attack to wield.
Infernal pickaxe.png Infernal pickaxe 3 Visible Uses 100% of Special attack bar. Requires 60 Attack to wield.
Requires 61 mining and 85 Smithing to create.
3rd age pickaxe.png 3rd age pickaxe 3 Visible Uses 100% of Special attack bar. Requires 65 Attack to wield.
Crystal pickaxe.png Crystal pickaxe 3 Visible Uses 100% of Special attack bar. Requires 70 Attack and 50 Agility to wield.
Requires 71 Mining to create.
Mining Guild.png Mining Guild 7 Invisible The boost takes effect while player is within the pay to play area of the Mining Guild.

Quests[edit | edit source]

Quests requiring Mining[edit | edit source]

Quest Mining
Other skill requirements
The Knight's Sword Mining 10 -
In Aid of the Myreque Mining 15 Crafting 25 , Magic 7
The Lost Tribe Mining 17 Agility 13 , Thieving 13
Tears of Guthix Mining 20 Firemaking 49 , Crafting 20
Darkness of Hallowvale Mining 20 Strength 40 , Thieving 22 , Construction 5 , Agility 26 , Crafting 32 , Magic 33
Elemental Workshop I Mining 20 Smithing 20 , Crafting 20
Spirits of the Elid Mining 37 Thieving 37 , Magic 33 , Ranged 37
Between a Rock... Mining 40 Defence 30 , Smithing 50
Family Crest Mining 40 Magic 59 , Smithing 40 , Crafting 40
Watchtower Mining 40 Magic 15 , Thieving 15 , Agility 25 , Herblore 14
Heroes' Quest Mining 50 Quest points 55 , Cooking 53 , Fishing 53 , Herblore 25
Legends' Quest Mining 52 Agility 50 , Crafting 50 , Herblore 45 , Magic 56 , Prayer 42 , Smithing 50 , Strength 50 , Thieving 50 , Woodcutting 50
Lunar Diplomacy Mining 60 Magic 65 , Crafting 61 , Defence 40 , Firemaking 49 , Herblore 5 , Woodcutting 55
Dragon Slayer II Mining 68 Magic 75 , Smithing 70 , Crafting 62 , Agility 60 , Thieving 60 , Construction 50 , Hitpoints 50
Song of the Elves Mining 70 Agility 70 , Construction 70 , Farming 70 , Herblore 70 , Hunter 70 , Smithing 70 , Woodcutting 70
Making Friends with My Arm Mining 72 Construction 35 , Firemaking 66 , Agility 68

Quests rewarding Mining experience[edit | edit source]

Quest Experience
Other requirements
The Forsaken Tower 500 - 20% Lovakengj favour
Doric's Quest 1,300 - -
Plague City 2,425 - -
The Giant Dwarf 2,500 - Thieving 14 , Crafting 12 , Firemaking 16 , Magic 33
Heroes' Quest 2,575 Mining 50 Quest points 55 , Cooking 53 , Fishing 53 , Herblore 25
Another Slice of H.A.M. 3,000 - Attack 15 , Prayer 25
The Lost Tribe 3,000 Mining 17 Agility 13 , Thieving 13
Between a Rock... 5,000 Mining 40 Defence 30 , Smithing 50
Enakhra's Lament 7,000 Mining 45 -optional Crafting 50 , Firemaking 45 , Prayer 43 , Magic 39
Making Friends with My Arm 10,000 Mining 72 Construction 35 , Firemaking 66 , Agility 68
The Dig Site 15,300 - Agility 10 , Herblore 10 , Thieving 25
Dragon Slayer II 18,000 Mining 68 Quest points 200 , Magic 75 , Smithing 70 , Crafting 62 , Agility 60 , Thieving 60 , Construction 50 , Hitpoints 50
Song of the Elves 20,000 Mining 70 Agility 70 , Construction 70 , Farming 70 , Herblore 70 , Hunter 70 , Smithing 70 , Woodcutting 70
Total 90,600

Skill choice[edit | edit source]

Upon completing any of the following quests, players may choose to allocate experience to Mining. These rewards usually come in the form of items, such as lamps or books, and are independent of any experience rewards directly received for completing the quest.

Quest Experience
Skills available Skill requirements
X Marks the Spot 300 Any -
Client of Kourend 500 twice Any -
Fairytale II - Cure a Queen 2,500 Any skill above 30 Farming 49 , Herblore 57
A Tail of Two Cats 2,500 twice Any skill above 30 -
The Great Brain Robbery 5,000 Any skill above 30 Crafting 16 , Construction 30 , Prayer 50
King's Ransom 5,000 Any skill above 50 Defence 65
Darkness of Hallowvale 2,000 three times Any skill above 30 Construction 5 , Mining 20 , Thieving 22 , Crafting 32 , Magic 33 , Strength 40
A Taste of Hope 2,500 three times Any skill above 35 Crafting 48 , Agility 45 , Attack 40 , Herblore 40 , Slayer 38
Architectural Alliance
10,000 Any skill above 40 -
Curse of the Empty Lord
10,000 Any skill above 50 Some players will need Prayer 31
One Small Favour 10,000 twice Any skill above 30 Agility 36 , Crafting 25 , Herblore 18 , Smithing 30
Recipe for Disaster
(The final battle)
20,000 Any skill above 50 Quest points 175 , Agility 48 , Mining 50 , Fishing 53 , Thieving 53 , Herblore 25 , Magic 59 , Smithing 40 , Firemaking 50 , Ranged 40 , Crafting 40 , Fletching 10 , Slayer 10 , Woodcutting 36
Total 112,300

Changes[edit | edit source]

Date Changes
5 March 2015
(update | poll)
You now have a 10% chance to mine 2 ores at once for the completion of Varrock Diaries:

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Jagex. Mod Ash's Twitter account. 28 October 2019. (Archived from the original on 16 May 2020.) Mod Ash: "Your level affects the chance of getting ore each time the game rolls; your pickaxe affects how often that happens."
  2. Jagex. Mod Ash's Twitter account. 11 February 2020. (Archived from the original on 09 May 2020.) Mod Ash: "It adds a gem roll before each ore roll, and if you receive a gem you don't get the ore roll."
  3. Jagex. Mod Ash's Twitter account. 12 February 2017. (Archived from the original on 18 June 2019.) Mod Ash: "1 / 86 rather than 1/256 for a gem."