Mining

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This article is about the Mining skill. For information on training Mining, see Mining training (F2P) (P2P).
For a list of all requirements and unlockables within the Mining skill, see Mining/Level up table.
Mining.png

Mining is a skill that allows players to obtain ores and gems from rocks. With ores, a player can then either smelt bars and make equipment using the Smithing skill or sell them for profit. Mining is one of the most popular skills in RuneScape as many players try to earn a profit from the skill. On the map, mining areas are identified with a regular pickaxe Mining site icon.png icon and the mining shop with a gold pickaxe Mining shop icon.png icon.

Audio options icon.png
Mining level-up music
The music that plays when levelled up.

How to mine[edit | edit source]

A player using a rune pickaxe to mine ores.

To mine, a player will first need a pickaxe. Upon locating a mine, the player can select a rock and left-click it to begin mining. As a player is mining a rock, they will eventually obtain an ore (or a gemstone). This ore can either be used in the Smithing skill or it can be sold.

Mining is a skill loosely reliant on a player's luck, which is random in RuneScape. Every mining cycle, there is a chance to succeed and obtain an ore. Using a higher-tier pickaxe can both increase mining speed and increase the chance of success when mining.

Pickaxes[edit | edit source]

Main article: Pickaxe

Pickaxes, or "picks", are needed to mine rocks. They can be equipped as a weapon, giving players one extra space in their inventory. However, pickaxes cannot be made using the Smithing skill. Pickaxes can be bought from either Nurmof in the Dwarven Mine or Tati in Keldagrim, or from other players. Nurmof's Pickaxe Shop in the Dwarven Mine is labelled on the minimap as a gold pickaxe.

A player's Mining level determines the type of pickaxe they can mine with. The higher a level needed to use a pickaxe, the better it is than the ones below it. For example, a rune pickaxe will mine rocks faster than an adamant pickaxe.

Pickaxe MiningMining icon.png Level AttackAttack icon.png Level[1] GE Price Members
Bronze pickaxe.png Bronze pickaxe 1 1 112
Free-to-play icon.png
Iron pickaxe.png Iron pickaxe 1 1 48
Free-to-play icon.png
Steel pickaxe.png Steel pickaxe 6 5 1,085
Free-to-play icon.png
Black pickaxe.png Black pickaxe 11 10 4,242
Free-to-play icon.png
Mithril pickaxe.png Mithril pickaxe 21 20 433
Free-to-play icon.png
Adamant pickaxe.png Adamant pickaxe 31 30 4,233
Free-to-play icon.png
Rune pickaxe.png Rune pickaxe 41 40 18,756
Free-to-play icon.png
Dragon pickaxe.png Dragon pickaxe 61 60 6,408,398
Member icon.png
Infernal pickaxe.png Infernal pickaxe[2] 61 60 8,724,541[3]
Member icon.png
3rd age pickaxe.png 3rd age pickaxe 61 65 1,057,747,679
Member icon.png
Crystal pickaxe.png Crystal pickaxe[4] 71 70[5] N/A
Member icon.png
  1. The listed Attack levels are only required to wield the pickaxes, not use them.
  2. The infernal pickaxe also requires 85 Smithing to use.
  3. Listed price is the combined cost of a Smouldering stone and a Dragon pickaxe.
  4. Requires completion of Song of the Elves to create and use.
  5. The crystal pickaxe has an additional requirement of 50 Agility to wield.

Other equipment[edit | edit source]

Besides the pickaxes discussed above, the following items have some effect on mining:

Mineable items[edit | edit source]

Ores are obtained from the different types of rocks, usually found in mines. On the minimap, mines are labelled with a grey pickaxe. The colour of a rock corresponds to the ore's colour.

When players click on a rock, they will hit it with their pickaxe and try to get the ore out. The higher level rocks, such as mithril and adamantite, take longer for players to mine an ore out of them, making the player require patience.

After the ore has been mined, the rock will turn grey for a while. Eventually the ore will respawn and the rock will regain its colour. Players can only mine a rock when ore is available. Ore respawn times differ with the difficulty of the rock. For example, runite rocks take 12 minutes to respawn while iron rocks take about 3 seconds.

MiningMining icon.png Level Item Experience Notes Members
1 Clay.png Clay 5 Clay is used in Crafting to make small items such as pots.
Free-to-play icon.png
1 Rune essence.png Rune essence 5 To mine rune essence, players will need to complete the Rune Mysteries quest. It is used in the Runecraft skill. Rune essence does not have a respawn time, allowing players to click once on the rock and wait until their inventory is full.
Free-to-play icon.png
1 Copper ore.png Copper 17.5 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a copper ore with a tin ore to make a bronze bar.
Free-to-play icon.png
1 Tin ore.png Tin 17.5 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a copper ore with a tin ore to make a bronze bar.
Free-to-play icon.png
10 Limestone.png Limestone 26.5 Limestone is needed in the members' quest Regicide. It can be crafted into limestone bricks, which are used in the Construction skill. It is also used to smelt quicklime.
Member icon.png
10 Blurite ore.png Blurite 17.5 Blurite ore is needed in the The Knight's Sword quest. It is also a crucial component for smelting blurite bars, used to create blurite crossbows and blurite bolts.
Free-to-play icon.png
15 Iron ore.png Iron 35 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt an iron ore to make an iron bar or smelt it with 2 coal to make a steel bar.
Free-to-play icon.png
20 Elemental ore.png Elemental 0 Elemental ore can only be mined during and after the Elemental Workshop quests, and is smelted with 4 coal into an elemental metal which is used in making Elemental shields and Elemental helmets.
Member icon.png
20 Daeyalt ore.png Daeyalt 17 Daeyalt ore can only be mined from the Meiyerditch Mine during and after the Darkness of Hallowvale quest. Mining 15 ores is required before being released from the mine. It is untradeable.
Member icon.png
20 Silver ore.png Silver 40 Silver ore is used in the Crafting skill to make items such as tiaras.
Free-to-play icon.png
22 Volcanic ash.png Volcanic ash 10 To mine volcanic ash, players will need to complete Bone Voyage. Ash is used to create compost potions and ultracompost.
Member icon.png
30 Pure essence.png Pure essence 5 To mine pure essence, players will need to complete the Rune Mysteries quest. It is used in the Runecraft skill. Pure essence does not have a respawn time, allowing players to click once on the rock and wait until their inventory is full.
Member icon.png
30 Coal.png Coal 50 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt coal with other ores as follows: 2 coal and an iron ore to make a steel bar, 4 coal and a mithril ore to make a mithril bar, 6 coal and an adamantite ore to make an adamantite bar, or 8 coal and a runite ore to make a runite bar.
Free-to-play icon.png
30 Pay-dirt.png Pay-dirt 60 Pay-dirt can only be mined in the Motherlode Mine in the southern area of the Dwarven Mine. Can be cleaned using the machine in the centre of the mine. Ores received from this machine can range from coal to runite, depending on the player's mining level.
Member icon.png
35 Sandstone.png Sandstone 30-60 Available at the quarry south of the Bandit camp in the Kharidian Desert. Used in the Enakhra's Lament quest.
Member icon.png
38 Dense essence block.png Dense essence block 12 38 Crafting is also required to mine these blocks. Dense essence blocks are used in the process to craft blood runes/soul runes on
Member icon.png
40 Gem rock.png Gem rocks 65 Gem rocks are only available to members who have completed the Shilo Village quest. Gem rocks can also be found randomly during the Tai Bwo Wannai Cleanup minigame. Mining a gem rock gives the player a gem ranging from opal to diamond, which can be used in the Crafting skill.
Member icon.png
40 Gold ore.png Gold 65 Gold ore is used in the Crafting skill to make items such as jewellery.
Free-to-play icon.png
42 Volcanic sulphur.png Volcanic sulphur 25 Used to make dynamite for the Blast mine. Players should wear face protection while mining volcanic sulphur to reduce the amount of damage intake from the gases.
Member icon.png
45 Granite.png Granite 50-75 Available at the quarry south of the Bandit camp in the Kharidian Desert. Used in Enakhra's Lament and King's Ransom.
Member icon.png
55 Mithril ore.png Mithril 80 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a mithril ore with four coal to make a mithril bar.
Free-to-play icon.png
60 Lunar ore.png Lunar 0 Used during the Lunar Diplomacy quest to make a lunar helm.
Member icon.png
65 Lovakite ore.png Lovakite 10 Only found in Lovakengj. Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a lovakite ore with two coal via Lovakite furnace to make a lovakite bar.
Member icon.png
70 Adamantite ore.png Adamantite 95 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt an adamantite ore with six coal to make an adamantite bar.
Free-to-play icon.png
70 Soft clay.png Soft clay 5 Players can mine soft clay directly from Soft clay rocks located in the mines of Prifddinas.
Member icon.png
72 Salt.png Salts 5 These salts are found in the Salt Mine after completing Making Friends with My Arm. Salts are used to teleport to the Troll Stronghold/Weiss, light fire pits, or set up a POH teleport to the Troll Stronghold.
Member icon.png
85 Runite ore.png Runite 125 Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a runite ore with eight coal to make a runite bar.
Free-to-play icon.png
92 Amethyst.png Amethyst 240 Players can use the Crafting and Fletching skills to create ranging ammunition from amethyst.
Member icon.png

Mines[edit | edit source]

Main article: Mines

Mines are areas where players can mine their ores. These may be on the surface or underground and are scattered around Gielinor. Some of these locations are accessible only after certain quests are complete and some are members-only.

Random events while mining[edit | edit source]

Gems[edit | edit source]

When mining players have a 1/256 chance of finding an uncut gem in the rock. A player's chances of finding gems are increased to 1/86 when wearing a charged amulet of glory.[1] There also seems to be a positive correlation between a player's Mining level and the frequency of gems they receive while mining. In other words, the higher levelled the ore, the more likely it is to receive gems while mining it.

Gems that can be found in rocks are uncut sapphires, uncut emeralds, uncut rubies and uncut diamonds.

Rock golem (discontinued)[edit | edit source]

Main article: Rock golem (monster)

While mining, a rock golem may appear and will begin attacking a player. The combat level of the golem depends on the player's combat level, but it will always be stronger. The rock golem's combat level varies from level 14 to 170. The player can either kill it or run away from it. If a player kills a rock golem, it can drop ores, stouts, pickaxes, uncut gems or nothing.

Exploding rock (discontinued)[edit | edit source]

Main article: Exploding Rock

When a player mines a rock, smoke or gas bubbles may emerge from it. If a player continues mining this rock as this is happening, the rock will explode, dealing minor damage to the player and destroying the head of their pickaxe. To repair it, for a price, players have to bring it to Nurmof, the dwarf who sells pickaxes in the Dwarven Mine.

Lost pickaxe head (discontinued)[edit | edit source]

Main article: Pickaxe head

While mining, the head of the player's pickaxe might fly off. The head will land somewhere nearby, usually 3 to 10 squares away. When this happens, the player has to find the pickaxe head quickly before someone else sees it and grabs it - who might attempt to extort it from them. When the player has found the pickaxe head, they can use it with their handle to put the pickaxe back together.

Tips[edit | edit source]

Here are some tips to help a player mine.

Power mining[edit | edit source]

Also known as drop mining, this is where a player fills their inventory with ores, drops them all, and repeats. While this method of mining allows players to raise their Mining level quickly, dropping a whole inventory of ores can take some time (although this can be minimised by making use of shift-click dropping). Also, by using this method, a player would be missing out on Smithing experience. Some locations useful for drop mining:

Mining Gloves[edit | edit source]

Players can purchase two different types of Mining Gloves from the Mining Guild Mineral Exchange store in the Mining Guild. Each pair of gloves provide a chance of the rock not depleting, which is very beneficial for players powermining or mining higher tier ores.

The first pair, Mining gloves, provides a chance for extra ore from Silver, Coal, and Gold. The second pair, Superior mining gloves, provide a chance for extra ore from Mithril, Adamantite, and Runite. After purchasing both pairs of gloves, the player can combine the gloves by talking to Belona.

Busy world vs. empty world[edit | edit source]

As of 2014, Old School RuneScape has implemented a static respawn rate. This means that regardless of the population of a server most things will respawn as if there are 2,000 players in the world (ores, trees, etc).

Reduce total weight[edit | edit source]

Players are recommended to wear few items or nothing at all other than their pickaxe. Members can wear the weight-reducing clothing. Wearing fewer items allows a player to run longer, as less energy is spent while running at lower weight values.

Switch worlds[edit | edit source]

For higher level rocks such as adamantite or runite, it is often faster to switch between worlds rather than waiting for the rocks to respawn. This is not recommended for lower level rocks as they respawn much faster.

Special mining areas explained[edit | edit source]

Mining Guild[edit | edit source]

Main article: Mining Guild

There are 37 coal and 5 mithril rocks in the Mining Guild. It is a short walking distance away from a bank. Level 60 Mining is required to enter. There is one especially efficient place to mine, in the southeast corner, where there are 6 coal rocks in very close proximity. Mining mithril is not recommended in the guild unless there is no-one else at the rocks. An anvil is available outside of the guild in the north end of the mines. The anvil, in combination with the Superheat Item spell, allows the player to smith the ores they mine. The smithed items can be turned into coins with the High Level Alchemy spell or sold at the nearby shop avoiding trips to the bank.

Motherlode Mine[edit | edit source]

Main article: Motherlode Mine

Blast mine[edit | edit source]

Main article: Blast mine

Coal Trucks[edit | edit source]

Main article: Coal Trucks

Temporary boosts[edit | edit source]

Main article: Temporary skill boost
Boost Level
increase
Visibility Other info
Mining cape.png Mining cape 1 Visible Activating the cape's effect will increase the corresponding skill by 1.
Spicy stew.png Spicy stew
(brown spice)
±0-5 Visible Depending on type of stew, any skill can be boosted or reduced by 0 to 5 points randomly.
Dragon pickaxe.png Dragon pickaxe 3 Visible Uses 100% of Special attack bar. Requires 60 attack to wield.
Infernal pickaxe.png Infernal pickaxe 3 Visible Uses 100% of Special attack bar. Requires 60 attack to wield.
Requires 61 mining and 85 smithing to create.
3rd age pickaxe.png 3rd age pickaxe 3 Visible Uses 100% of Special attack bar. Requires 65 attack to wield.
Crystal pickaxe.png Crystal pickaxe 3 Visible Uses 100% of Special attack bar. Requires 70 attack and 50 agility to wield.
Requires 71 mining to create.
Dwarven stout.png Dwarven stout 1 Visible Reduces Attack and Strength by 3. Is available to free players.
Dwarven stout(m).png Mature dwarven stout 2 Visible Reduces Attack, Strength and Defence by 7.
Mining Guild.png Mining Guild 7 Invisible The boost takes effect while player is within the pay to play area of the Mining Guild.

Quests[edit | edit source]

Quests requiring Mining[edit | edit source]

Quest Mining
requirement
Other skill requirements
The Knight's Sword 10 MiningMining icon.png -
In Aid of the Myreque 15 MiningMining icon.png 25 CraftingCrafting icon.png, 7 MagicMagic icon.png
The Lost Tribe 17 MiningMining icon.png 13 AgilityAgility icon.png, 13 ThievingThieving icon.png
Tears of Guthix 20 MiningMining icon.png 49 FiremakingFiremaking icon.png, 20 CraftingCrafting icon.png
Darkness of Hallowvale 20 MiningMining icon.png 40 StrengthStrength icon.png, 22 ThievingThieving icon.png, 5 ConstructionConstruction icon.png, 26 AgilityAgility icon.png, 32 CraftingCrafting icon.png, 33 MagicMagic icon.png
Elemental Workshop I 20 MiningMining icon.png 20 SmithingSmithing icon.png, 20 CraftingCrafting icon.png
Spirits of the Elid 37 MiningMining icon.png 37 ThievingThieving icon.png, 33 MagicMagic icon.png, 37 RangedRanged icon.png
Between a Rock... 40 MiningMining icon.png 30 DefenceDefence icon.png, 50 SmithingSmithing icon.png
Family Crest 40 MiningMining icon.png 59 MagicMagic icon.png, 40 SmithingSmithing icon.png, 40 CraftingCrafting icon.png
Watchtower 40 MiningMining icon.png 15 MagicMagic icon.png, 15 ThievingThieving icon.png, 25 AgilityAgility icon.png, 14 HerbloreHerblore icon.png
Heroes' Quest 50 MiningMining icon.png 55 QuestQuest point icon.png, 53 CookingCooking icon.png, 53 FishingFishing icon.png, 25 HerbloreHerblore icon.png
Legends' Quest 52 MiningMining icon.png 50 AgilityAgility icon.png, 50 CraftingCrafting icon.png, 45 HerbloreHerblore icon.png, 56 MagicMagic icon.png, 42 PrayerPrayer icon.png, 50 SmithingSmithing icon.png, 50 StrengthStrength icon.png, 50 ThievingThieving icon.png, 50 WoodcuttingWoodcutting icon.png
Lunar Diplomacy 60 MiningMining icon.png 65 MagicMagic icon.png, 61 CraftingCrafting icon.png, 40 DefenceDefence icon.png, 49 FiremakingFiremaking icon.png, 5 HerbloreHerblore icon.png, 55 WoodcuttingWoodcutting icon.png
Dragon Slayer II 68 MiningMining icon.png 75 MagicMagic icon.png, 70 SmithingSmithing icon.png, 62 CraftingCrafting icon.png, 60 AgilityAgility icon.png, 60 ThievingThieving icon.png, 50 ConstructionConstruction icon.png, 50 HitpointsHitpoints icon.png
Song of the Elves 70 MiningMining icon.png 70 AgilityAgility icon.png, 70 ConstructionConstruction icon.png, 70 FarmingFarming icon.png, 70 HerbloreHerblore icon.png, 70 HunterHunter icon.png, 70 SmithingSmithing icon.png, 70 WoodcuttingWoodcutting icon.png
Making Friends with My Arm 72 MiningMining icon.png 35 ConstructionConstruction icon.png, 66 FiremakingFiremaking icon.png, 68 AgilityAgility icon.png

Quests rewarding Mining experience[edit | edit source]

Quest Experience
reward
Mining
requirement
Other requirements
The Forsaken Tower 500 - 20% Lovakengj favour
Doric's Quest 1,300 - -
Plague City 2,425 - -
The Giant Dwarf 2,500 - 14 ThievingThieving icon.png, 12 CraftingCrafting icon.png, 16 FiremakingFiremaking icon.png, 33 MagicMagic icon.png
Heroes' Quest 2,575 50 MiningMining icon.png 55 QuestQuest point icon.png, 53 CookingCooking icon.png, 53 FishingFishing icon.png, 25 HerbloreHerblore icon.png
Another Slice of H.A.M. 3,000 - 15 AttackAttack icon.png, 25 PrayerPrayer icon.png
The Lost Tribe 3,000 17 MiningMining icon.png 13 AgilityAgility icon.png, 13 ThievingThieving icon.png
Between a Rock... 5,000 40 MiningMining icon.png 30 DefenceDefence icon.png, 50 SmithingSmithing icon.png
Enakhra's Lament 7,000 45 MiningMining icon.png-optional 50 CraftingCrafting icon.png, 45 FiremakingFiremaking icon.png, 43 PrayerPrayer icon.png, 39 MagicMagic icon.png
Making Friends with My Arm 10,000 72 MiningMining icon.png 35 ConstructionConstruction icon.png, 66 FiremakingFiremaking icon.png, 68 AgilityAgility icon.png
The Dig Site 15,300 - 10 AgilityAgility icon.png, 10 HerbloreHerblore icon.png, 25 ThievingThieving icon.png
Dragon Slayer II 18,000 68 MiningMining icon.png 200 QuestQuest point icon.png, 75 MagicMagic icon.png, 70 SmithingSmithing icon.png, 62 CraftingCrafting icon.png, 60 AgilityAgility icon.png, 60 ThievingThieving icon.png, 50 ConstructionConstruction icon.png, 50 HitpointsHitpoints icon.png
Song of the Elves 20,000 70 MiningMining icon.png 70 AgilityAgility icon.png, 70 ConstructionConstruction icon.png, 70 FarmingFarming icon.png, 70 HerbloreHerblore icon.png, 70 HunterHunter icon.png, 70 SmithingSmithing icon.png, 70 WoodcuttingWoodcutting icon.png
Total 90,600

Skill choice[edit | edit source]

Upon completing any of the following quests, players may choose to allocate experience to Mining. These rewards usually come in the form of items, such as lamps or books, and are independent of any experience rewards directly received for completing the quest.

Quest Experience
reward
Skills available Skill requirements
X Marks the Spot 300 Any -
Client of Kourend 500 twice Any -
Fairytale II - Cure a Queen 2,500 Any skill above 30 49 FarmingFarming icon.png, 57 HerbloreHerblore icon.png
A Tail of Two Cats 2,500 twice Any skill above 30 -
The Great Brain Robbery 5,000 Any skill above 30 16 CraftingCrafting icon.png, 30 ConstructionConstruction icon.png, 50 PrayerPrayer icon.png
King's Ransom 5,000 Any skill above 50 65 DefenceDefence icon.png
Darkness of Hallowvale 2,000 three times Any skill above 30 5 ConstructionConstruction icon.png, 20 MiningMining icon.png, 22 ThievingThieving icon.png, 32 CraftingCrafting icon.png, 33 MagicMagic icon.png, 40 StrengthStrength icon.png
A Taste of Hope 2,500 three times Any skill above 35 48 CraftingCrafting icon.png, 45 AgilityAgility icon.png, 40 AttackAttack icon.png, 40 HerbloreHerblore icon.png, 38 SlayerSlayer icon.png
Architectural Alliance
(miniquest)
10,000 Any skill above 40 -
Curse of the Empty Lord
(miniquest)
10,000 Any skill above 50 Some players will need 31 PrayerPrayer icon.png
One Small Favour 10,000 twice Any skill above 30 36 AgilityAgility icon.png, 25 CraftingCrafting icon.png, 18 HerbloreHerblore icon.png, 30 SmithingSmithing icon.png
Recipe for Disaster
(The final battle)
20,000 Any skill above 50 175 QuestQuest point icon.png, 48 AgilityAgility icon.png, 50 MiningMining icon.png, 53 FishingFishing icon.png, 53 ThievingThieving icon.png, 25 HerbloreHerblore icon.png, 59 MagicMagic icon.png, 40 SmithingSmithing icon.png, 50 FiremakingFiremaking icon.png, 40 RangedRanged icon.png, 40 CraftingCrafting icon.png, 10 FletchingFletching icon.png, 10 SlayerSlayer icon.png, 36 WoodcuttingWoodcutting icon.png
Total 112,300

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Jagex. Mod Ash's Twitter account. 12 Feb 2017. (Archived from the original on 18 Jun 2019.) Mod Ash: "1 / 86 rather than 1/256 for a gem."