|Release date||4 January 2001 (Update)|
as of 1 October 2019 - update
as of 1 October 2019 - update
Mining is a skill that allows players to obtain ores and gems from rocks. With ores, a player can then either smelt bars and make equipment using the Smithing skill or sell them for profit. Mining is one of the most popular skills in RuneScape as many players try to earn a profit from the skill. On the map, mining areas are identified with a regular pickaxe icon and the mining shop with a gold pickaxe icon.
- 1 How to mine
- 2 Pickaxes
- 3 Other equipment
- 4 Mineable items
- 5 Mines
- 6 Random events while mining
- 7 Tips
- 8 Special mining areas explained
- 9 Temporary boosts
- 10 Quests
- 11 References
How to mine[edit | edit source]
To mine, a player will first need a pickaxe. Upon locating a mine, the player can select a rock and left-click it to begin mining. As a player is mining a rock, they will eventually obtain an ore (or a gemstone). This ore can either be used in the Smithing skill or it can be sold.
Mining is a skill loosely reliant on a player's luck, which is random in RuneScape. Every mining cycle, there is a chance to succeed and obtain an ore. Using a higher-tier pickaxe can both increase mining speed and increase the chance of success when mining.
Pickaxes[edit | edit source]
Pickaxes, or "picks", are needed to mine rocks. They can be equipped as a weapon, giving players one extra space in their inventory. However, pickaxes cannot be made using the Smithing skill. Pickaxes can be bought from either Nurmof in the Dwarven Mine or Tati in Keldagrim, or from other players. Nurmof's Pickaxe Shop in the Dwarven Mine is labelled on the minimap as a gold pickaxe.
A player's Mining level determines the type of pickaxe they can mine with. The higher a level needed to use a pickaxe, the better it is than the ones below it. For example, a rune pickaxe will mine rocks faster than an adamant pickaxe.
|Pickaxe||Mining Level||Attack Level||GE Price||Members|
|3rd age pickaxe||61||65||1,150,730,856|
- The listed Attack levels are only required to wield the pickaxes, not use them.
- The infernal pickaxe also requires 85 Smithing to use.
- Listed price is the combined cost of a Smouldering stone and a Dragon pickaxe.
- Requires completion of Song of the Elves to create and use.
- The crystal pickaxe has an additional requirement of 50 Agility to wield.
Other equipment[edit | edit source]
Besides the pickaxes discussed above, the following items have some effect on mining:
- Parts of prospector outfit increase mining experience rates.
- Varrock armour allows to sometimes mine two ores of certain types simultaneously.
- Mining gloves, Superior mining gloves and Expert mining gloves provide a chance that when mining certain ores, the rock will not be depleted.
- Coal bag can store up to 27 Coal, possibly improving mining efficiency.
- Gem bag can store up to 60 uncut gem of each Sapphire to Dragonstone, possibly improving efficiency when mining Gem rocks or perhaps even in Motherlode mine.
Mineable items[edit | edit source]
When players click on a rock, they will hit it with their pickaxe and try to get the ore out. The higher level rocks, such as mithril and adamantite, take longer for players to mine an ore out of them, making the player require patience.
After the ore has been mined, the rock will turn grey for a while. Eventually the ore will respawn and the rock will regain its colour. Players can only mine a rock when ore is available. Ore respawn times differ with the difficulty of the rock. For example, runite rocks take 12 minutes to respawn while iron rocks take about 3 seconds.
|Mining Level||Item||Experience||GE Price||Notes||Members|
|1||Clay||5||84||Clay is used in Crafting to make small items such as pots.|
|1||Rune essence||5||10||To mine rune essence, players will need to complete the Rune Mysteries quest. It is used in the Runecraft skill. Rune essence does not have a respawn time, allowing players to click once on the rock and wait until their inventory is full.|
|1||Copper||17.5||74||Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a copper ore with a tin ore to make a bronze bar.|
|1||Tin||17.5||59||Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a copper ore with a tin ore to make a bronze bar.|
|10||Limestone||26.5||106||Limestone is needed in the members' quest Regicide. It can be crafted into limestone bricks, which are used in the Construction skill. It is also used to smelt quicklime.|
|10||Blurite||17.5||N/A||Blurite ore is needed in the The Knight's Sword quest. It is also a crucial component for smelting blurite bars, used to create blurite crossbows and blurite bolts.|
|15||Iron||35||68||Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt an iron ore to make an iron bar or smelt it with 2 coal to make a steel bar.|
|20||Elemental||0||N/A||Elemental ore can only be mined during and after the Elemental Workshop quests, and is smelted with 4 coal into an elemental metal which is used in making Elemental shields and Elemental helmets.|
|20||Daeyalt||17||N/A||Daeyalt ore can only be mined from the Meiyerditch Mine during and after the Darkness of Hallowvale quest. Mining 15 ores is required before being released from the mine. It is untradeable.|
|20||Silver||40||54||Silver ore is used in the Crafting skill to make items such as tiaras.|
|22||Volcanic ash||10||99||To mine volcanic ash, players will need to complete Bone Voyage. Ash is used to create compost potions and ultracompost.|
|30||Pure essence||5||2||To mine pure essence, players will need to complete the Rune Mysteries quest. It is used in the Runecraft skill. Pure essence does not have a respawn time, allowing players to click once on the rock and wait until their inventory is full.|
|30||Coal||50||138||Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt coal with other ores as follows: 2 coal and an iron ore to make a steel bar, 4 coal and a mithril ore to make a mithril bar, 6 coal and an adamantite ore to make an adamantite bar, or 8 coal and a runite ore to make a runite bar.|
|30||Pay-dirt||60||N/A||Pay-dirt can only be mined in the Motherlode Mine in the southern area of the Dwarven Mine. Can be cleaned using the machine in the centre of the mine. Ores received from this machine can range from coal to runite, depending on the player's mining level.|
|35||Sandstone||30-60||N/A||Available at the quarry south of the Bandit camp in the Kharidian Desert. Used in the Enakhra's Lament quest.|
|38||Dense essence block||12||N/A||38 Crafting is also required to mine these blocks. Dense essence blocks are used in the process to craft blood runes/soul runes on|
|40||Gem rocks||65||Variable||Gem rocks are only available to members who have completed the Shilo Village quest. Gem rocks can also be found randomly during the Tai Bwo Wannai Cleanup minigame. Mining a gem rock gives the player a gem ranging from opal to diamond, which can be used in the Crafting skill.|
|40||Gold||65||239||Gold ore is used in the Crafting skill to make items such as jewellery.|
|42||Volcanic sulphur||25||N/A||Used to make dynamite for the Blast mine. Players should wear face protection while mining volcanic sulphur to reduce the amount of damage intake from the gases.|
|45||Granite||50-75||N/A||Available at the quarry south of the Bandit camp in the Kharidian Desert. Used in Enakhra's Lament and King's Ransom.|
|55||Mithril||80||119||Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a mithril ore with four coal to make a mithril bar.|
|60||Lunar||0||N/A||Used during the Lunar Diplomacy quest to make a lunar helm.|
|65||Lovakite||10||N/A||Only found in Lovakengj. Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a lovakite ore with two coal via Lovakite furnace to make a lovakite bar.|
|70||Adamantite||95||1,008||Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt an adamantite ore with six coal to make an adamantite bar.|
|70||Soft clay||5||113||Players can mine soft clay directly from Soft clay rocks located in the mines of Prifddinas.|
|72||Salts||5||N/A||These salts are found in the Salt Mine after completing Making Friends with My Arm. Salts are used to teleport to the Troll Stronghold/Weiss, light fire pits, or set up a POH teleport to the Troll Stronghold.|
|85||Runite||125||11,053||Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a runite ore with eight coal to make a runite bar.|
|92||Amethyst||240||3,557||Players can use the Crafting and Fletching skills to create ranging ammunition from amethyst.|
Mines[edit | edit source]
Mines are areas where players can mine their ores. These may be on the surface or underground and are scattered around Gielinor. Some of these locations are accessible only after certain quests are complete and some are members-only.
Random events while mining[edit | edit source]
Gems[edit | edit source]
When mining players have a 1/256 chance of finding an uncut gem in the rock. A player's chances of finding gems are increased to 1/86 when wearing a charged amulet of glory. There also seems to be a positive correlation between a player's Mining level and the frequency of gems they receive while mining. In other words, the higher levelled the ore, the more likely it is to receive gems while mining it.
Rock golem (discontinued)[edit | edit source]
While mining, a rock golem may appear and will begin attacking a player. The combat level of the golem depends on the player's combat level, but it will always be stronger. The rock golem's combat level varies from level 14 to 170. The player can either kill it or run away from it. If a player kills a rock golem, it can drop ores, stouts, pickaxes, uncut gems or nothing.
Exploding rock (discontinued)[edit | edit source]
When a player mines a rock, smoke or gas bubbles may emerge from it. If a player continues mining this rock as this is happening, the rock will explode, dealing minor damage to the player and destroying the head of their pickaxe. To repair it, for a price, players have to bring it to Nurmof, the dwarf who sells pickaxes in the Dwarven Mine.
Lost pickaxe head (discontinued)[edit | edit source]
While mining, the head of the player's pickaxe might fly off. The head will land somewhere nearby, usually 3 to 10 squares away. When this happens, the player has to find the pickaxe head quickly before someone else sees it and grabs it - who might attempt to extort it from them. When the player has found the pickaxe head, they can use it with their handle to put the pickaxe back together.
Tips[edit | edit source]
Here are some tips to help a player mine.
Power mining[edit | edit source]
Also known as drop mining, this is where a player fills their inventory with ores, drops them all, and repeats. While this method of mining allows players to raise their Mining level quickly, dropping a whole inventory of ores can take some time (although this can be minimised by making use of shift-click dropping). Also, by using this method, a player would be missing out on Smithing experience. Some locations useful for drop mining:
- Al Kharid mine - The scorpions can be aggressive at low combat levels.
- Dwarven Mine
- Bandit Camp Quarry - Players will be susceptible to damage from desert heat
- Mining Guild - The ores in the members-only section respawn twice as fast, allowing for non-stop iron mining.
Mining Gloves[edit | edit source]
Players can purchase two different types of Mining Gloves from the Mining Guild Mineral Exchange store in the Mining Guild. Each pair of gloves provide a chance of the rock not depleting, which is very beneficial for players powermining or mining higher tier ores.
The first pair, Mining gloves, provides a chance for extra ore from Silver, Coal, and Gold. The second pair, Superior mining gloves, provide a chance for extra ore from Mithril, Adamantite, and Runite. After purchasing both pairs of gloves, the player can combine the gloves by talking to Belona.
Busy world vs. empty world[edit | edit source]
As of 2014, Old School RuneScape has implemented a static respawn rate. This means that regardless of the population of a server most things will respawn as if there are 2,000 players in the world (ores, trees, etc).
Reduce total weight[edit | edit source]
Players are recommended to wear few items or nothing at all other than their pickaxe. Members can wear the weight-reducing clothing. Wearing fewer items allows a player to run longer, as less energy is spent while running at lower weight values.
Switch worlds[edit | edit source]
For higher level rocks such as adamantite or runite, it is often faster to switch between worlds rather than waiting for the rocks to respawn. This is not recommended for lower level rocks as they respawn much faster.
Special mining areas explained[edit | edit source]
Mining Guild[edit | edit source]
There are 37 coal and 5 mithril rocks in the Mining Guild. It is a short walking distance away from a bank. Level 60 Mining is required to enter. There is one especially efficient place to mine, in the southeast corner, where there are 6 coal rocks in very close proximity. Mining mithril is not recommended in the guild unless there is no-one else at the rocks. An anvil is available outside of the guild in the north end of the mines. The anvil, in combination with the Superheat Item spell, allows the player to smith the ores they mine. The smithed items can be turned into coins with the High Level Alchemy spell or sold at the nearby shop avoiding trips to the bank.
Motherlode Mine[edit | edit source]
Blast mine[edit | edit source]
Coal Trucks[edit | edit source]
Temporary boosts[edit | edit source]
|Mining cape||1||Visible||Activating the cape's effect will increase the corresponding skill by 1.|
|Braindeath 'rum'||1||Visible||Decreases Defence by -10%, and Attack, Prayer, Ranged, Magic, Agility and Herblore by 5%.|
|±0-5||Visible||Depending on type of stew, any skill can be boosted or reduced by 0 to 5 points randomly.|
|Dragon pickaxe||3||Visible||Uses 100% of Special attack bar. Requires 60 attack to wield.|
|Infernal pickaxe||3||Visible||Uses 100% of Special attack bar. Requires 60 attack to wield.|
Requires 61 mining and 85 smithing to create.
|3rd age pickaxe||3||Visible||Uses 100% of Special attack bar. Requires 65 attack to wield.|
|Crystal pickaxe||3||Visible||Uses 100% of Special attack bar. Requires 70 attack and 50 agility to wield.|
Requires 71 mining to create.
|Dwarven stout||1||Visible||Reduces Attack and Strength by 3. Is available to free players.|
|Mature dwarven stout||2||Visible||Reduces Attack, Strength and Defence by 7.|
|Mining Guild||7||Invisible||The boost takes effect while player is within the pay to play area of the Mining Guild.|
Quests[edit | edit source]
Quests requiring Mining[edit | edit source]
|Other skill requirements|
|The Knight's Sword||10 Mining||-|
|In Aid of the Myreque||15 Mining||25 Crafting, 7 Magic|
|The Lost Tribe||17 Mining||13 Agility, 13 Thieving|
|Tears of Guthix||20 Mining||49 Firemaking, 20 Crafting|
|Darkness of Hallowvale||20 Mining||40 Strength, 22 Thieving, 5 Construction, 26 Agility, 32 Crafting, 33 Magic|
|Elemental Workshop I||20 Mining||20 Smithing, 20 Crafting|
|Spirits of the Elid||37 Mining||37 Thieving, 33 Magic, 37 Ranged|
|Between a Rock...||40 Mining||30 Defence, 50 Smithing|
|Family Crest||40 Mining||59 Magic, 40 Smithing, 40 Crafting|
|Watchtower||40 Mining||15 Magic, 15 Thieving, 25 Agility, 14 Herblore|
|Heroes' Quest||50 Mining||55 Quest, 53 Cooking, 53 Fishing, 25 Herblore|
|Legends' Quest||52 Mining||50 Agility, 50 Crafting, 45 Herblore, 56 Magic, 42 Prayer, 50 Smithing, 50 Strength, 50 Thieving, 50 Woodcutting|
|Lunar Diplomacy||60 Mining||65 Magic, 61 Crafting, 40 Defence, 49 Firemaking, 5 Herblore, 55 Woodcutting|
|Dragon Slayer II||68 Mining||75 Magic, 70 Smithing, 62 Crafting, 60 Agility, 60 Thieving, 50 Construction, 50 Hitpoints|
|Song of the Elves||70 Mining||70 Agility, 70 Construction, 70 Farming, 70 Herblore, 70 Hunter, 70 Smithing, 70 Woodcutting|
|Making Friends with My Arm||72 Mining||35 Construction, 66 Firemaking, 68 Agility|
Quests rewarding Mining experience[edit | edit source]
|The Forsaken Tower||500||-||20% Lovakengj favour|
|The Giant Dwarf||2,500||-||14 Thieving, 12 Crafting, 16 Firemaking, 33 Magic|
|Heroes' Quest||2,575||50 Mining||55 Quest, 53 Cooking, 53 Fishing, 25 Herblore|
|Another Slice of H.A.M.||3,000||-||15 Attack, 25 Prayer|
|The Lost Tribe||3,000||17 Mining||13 Agility, 13 Thieving|
|Between a Rock...||5,000||40 Mining||30 Defence, 50 Smithing|
|Enakhra's Lament||7,000||45 Mining-optional||50 Crafting, 45 Firemaking, 43 Prayer, 39 Magic|
|Making Friends with My Arm||10,000||72 Mining||35 Construction, 66 Firemaking, 68 Agility|
|The Dig Site||15,300||-||10 Agility, 10 Herblore, 25 Thieving|
|Dragon Slayer II||18,000||68 Mining||200 Quest, 75 Magic, 70 Smithing, 62 Crafting, 60 Agility, 60 Thieving, 50 Construction, 50 Hitpoints|
|Song of the Elves||20,000||70 Mining||70 Agility, 70 Construction, 70 Farming, 70 Herblore, 70 Hunter, 70 Smithing, 70 Woodcutting|
Skill choice[edit | edit source]
Upon completing any of the following quests, players may choose to allocate experience to Mining. These rewards usually come in the form of items, such as lamps or books, and are independent of any experience rewards directly received for completing the quest.
|Skills available||Skill requirements|
|X Marks the Spot||300||Any||-|
|Client of Kourend||500 twice||Any||-|
|Fairytale II - Cure a Queen||2,500||Any skill above 30||49 Farming, 57 Herblore|
|A Tail of Two Cats||2,500 twice||Any skill above 30||-|
|The Great Brain Robbery||5,000||Any skill above 30||16 Crafting, 30 Construction, 50 Prayer|
|King's Ransom||5,000||Any skill above 50||65 Defence|
|Darkness of Hallowvale||2,000 three times||Any skill above 30||5 Construction, 20 Mining, 22 Thieving, 32 Crafting, 33 Magic, 40 Strength|
|A Taste of Hope||2,500 three times||Any skill above 35||48 Crafting, 45 Agility, 40 Attack, 40 Herblore, 38 Slayer|
|10,000||Any skill above 40||-|
|Curse of the Empty Lord
|10,000||Any skill above 50||Some players will need 31 Prayer|
|One Small Favour||10,000 twice||Any skill above 30||36 Agility, 25 Crafting, 18 Herblore, 30 Smithing|
|Recipe for Disaster
(The final battle)
|20,000||Any skill above 50||175 Quest, 48 Agility, 50 Mining, 53 Fishing, 53 Thieving, 25 Herblore, 59 Magic, 40 Smithing, 50 Firemaking, 40 Ranged, 40 Crafting, 10 Fletching, 10 Slayer, 36 Woodcutting|
References[edit | edit source]