Pay-to-play Mining training

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This article provides an overview of strategies used to train the Mining skill.

Equipment[edit | edit source]

The only item required to mine is a pickaxe. A certain Attack level is required to wield one, but players are still able to use the pickaxe to mine without the Attack level requirement. Players should use the best pickaxe available for the fastest mining speed.

Using an infernal pickaxe is recommended if using the fastest training methods. Mining rocks with it will give a 1/3 chance for the ore to automatically combust, which will consume the ore. This reduces the number of ores that need to be dropped, and also grants some passive Smithing experience. Making an infernal pickaxe requires level 85 Smithing, and it can be charged with dragon pickaxes or smouldering stones. The latter are usually cheaper, but using the infernal pickaxe can still be somewhat expensive for some players.

For other methods, the crystal pickaxe performs better, and it should be used if the player has enough crystal shards for it.

Pickaxes[edit | edit source]

Item Mining Attack Shop price Weight Ticks between rolls
Bronze pickaxe.png Bronze pickaxe 1 1 1 coin at Nurmof and Bob 2.267 kg 8
Iron pickaxe.png Iron pickaxe 1 1 140 coins at Nurmof 2.267 kg 7
Steel pickaxe.png Steel pickaxe 6 5 500 coins at Nurmof 2.267 kg 6
Black pickaxe.png Black pickaxe 11 10 Not sold 0.01 kg 5
Mithril pickaxe.png Mithril pickaxe 21 20 1,300 coins at Nurmof 1.814 kg 5
Adamant pickaxe.png Adamant pickaxe 31 30 3,200 coins at Nurmof 2.721 kg 4
Rune pickaxe.png Rune pickaxe[1] 41 40 32,000 coins at Nurmof 2.267 kg 3
Dragon pickaxe.png Dragon pickaxe[2] 61 60 Not sold 2.4 kg 2.83[3]
Infernal pickaxe.png Infernal pickaxe 61[4] 60 Not sold 2.4 kg 2.83[5]
Crystal pickaxe.png Crystal pickaxe 71[6] 70 Not sold 1.36 kg 2.75[7]
  1. ^ The gilded pickaxe is functionally equivalent.
  2. ^ The 3rd age pickaxe, dragon pickaxe (or), and dragon pickaxe (upgraded) are functionally equivalent.
  3. ^ 3 ticks by default, 1/6 chance to be 2 ticks.
  4. ^ Also requires 85 Smithing to use.
  5. ^ 3 ticks by default, 1/6 chance to be 2 ticks.
  6. ^ Also requires 50 Agility to use.
  7. ^ 3 ticks by default, 1/4 chance to be 2 ticks.

Prospector kit[edit | edit source]

The Prospector kit obtained from Prospector Percy in the Motherlode Mine provides a total of 2.5% bonus Mining experience when worn. The outfit is not worth getting timewise if the player is going for 99 Mining using the fastest methods. However, it is a requirement for a master clue step and a hard task in the Falador Diary, so the player might want to get it anyway.

The full set costs 180 nuggets in total. Getting all the nuggets needed would take somewhere around 10 hours on average.

Item XP Boost Cost (in Golden nugget.png) Sells for (in Golden nugget.png) Boost per nugget

(% per Golden nugget.png)

Prospector helmet.png Helmet +0.4% 40 32 0.010
Prospector jacket.png Jacket +0.8% 60 48 0.013
Prospector legs.png Legs +0.6% 50 40 0.012
Prospector boots.png Boots +0.2% 30 24 0.007
Set bonus +0.5%
Complete set +2.5 % 180 144 0.014

Varrock armour[edit | edit source]

Completing task sets from the Varrock Diary grants the player Varrock armour, which gives the player 10% chance of mining 2 ores at once while worn. For the methods below, Varrock armour 1 provides this effect for mining iron, Varrock armour 2 for mining granite, and Varrock armour 4 for mining amethyst. However, the Varrock armour does not work at Motherlode Mine, Blast Mine, Volcanic Mine, or on gem rocks.

The Varrock armour 4 also works as a prospector jacket.

Other[edit | edit source]

Wearing a celestial ring, obtained through the Shooting Stars activity, provides an invisible boost to the Mining skill. This will boost experience rates slightly. The uncharged ring is worth getting if the player is going for level 99 Mining using the methods below.

There are also mining gloves available in the Mining Guild. The expert mining gloves are worth getting if mining amethyst crystals.

Fastest experience[edit | edit source]

To gain Mining experience most efficiently, players should always drop the ores they mine (also known as "powermining" or "dropmining"). This can be done by holding the shift key and clicking on the ore once shift drop has been enabled in the options. Mobile users can toggle the tap-drop option.

Levels 1–37: Questing[edit | edit source]

Early levels can be skipped by completing quests that give Mining experience. Completing Doric's Quest, The Dig Site, Plague City, The Giant Dwarf, The Lost Tribe and Another Slice of H.A.M. grants a total of 27,525 Mining experience, which will get the player from level 1 to 37. All of these quests have fairly low requirements, and completing them allows the player to use an adamant pickaxe right from the start.

Levels 1–15: Copper/Tin ore[edit | edit source]

From level 1 to 15, players should mine copper or tin. This can be done anywhere, though the Lumbridge Swamp mining site is debatably the easiest due to its relative lack of players and aggressive monsters, and its collection of copper and tin rocks.

Levels 15–45/70: Iron ore[edit | edit source]

Mining iron in the Mining Guild.

Mining iron offers the fastest experience from level 15 to 45. At level 45, 3-tick mining granite becomes faster assuming good performance, however this method is much easier and offers relatively fast experience at higher levels. Players who are inexperienced with tick manipulation methods, or do not plan to use tick manipulation at all, are advised to mine iron up to level 70.

Wearing Varrock armour 1 or higher increases the overall experience rate for this method, as it gives the player 10% chance to mine 2 ores at once while worn.

From level 15 to 60, players should mine iron at a location that has three iron rocks in a triangle, as such a formation that allows the player to mine all three rocks without moving. Drop the ores while waiting for the rocks to respawn. There are nine such locations available at this level:

  1. Legends' Guild Mine
  2. Al Kharid Mine
  3. Piscatoris Mine
  4. Lovakengj Mine
  5. Verdant Valley
  6. Mount Karuulm Mine
  7. Resource Area (level 51 Wilderness)
  8. South Mor Ul Rek mine
  9. Isle of Souls

If using tick manipulation, the best place to mine iron is in the Legends' Guild mine, which has 4 iron rocks close to each other in the eastern part. Start the 3-tick cycle with a herb and tar (or other suitable items) while moving between rocks, and drop the ores between mines. This method is faster than using a triangle spot, but because this method is much more advanced and significantly harder than using a triangle spot, it is only recommended for players who plan on 3-tick mining granite from level 45 onwards.

From level 60 onwards, the pay-to-play area of the Mining Guild becomes the best option, as the respawn time for rocks mined in this area is halved. This makes it so the players do not have to wait for the rocks to respawn or use tick manipulation; with correct timing and accurate clicks, players can drop the ore between mines and keep mining continuously.

Players can expect to gain up to around 45,000–55,000 experience per hour below level 60 when not using tick manipulation. From level 60 and above, the maximum experience rate in the Mining Guild caps at around 70,000–80,000 experience per hour, depending on performance and the pickaxe used.

Banking the ores is not recommended as this slows down experience rates a lot and the iron ores are usually not worth very much. Ironmen who wish to bank their ores are advised to use the pay-to-play area in the Mining Guild, which has a triangle spot near to the bank chest. Using other locations for banking the ores is not recommended, as they are much slower.

Levels 45–99: Granite[edit | edit source]

3-tick granite mining in action.

3-tick mining granite (commonly referred to as "3t4g", 3-tick 4 granite) at the Quarry offers the fastest Mining experience in the game. However, this method is extremely click-intensive and can be hard to learn. Tick manipulation must be used for this method, as without it the experience rates are significantly reduced and this method would not be worth doing. Players who are inexperienced with tick manipulation methods may find it worthwhile to train with iron to higher levels before attempting to train with granite, as mining iron still offers fairly high rates at lower levels.

The four granite rocks are located in the south-west area of the Quarry. The fastest way to get there is to teleport with the Camulet to Enakhra's Temple, navigate outside and run a short distance south-west. After completing the hard tasks in the Desert Diary, players can teleport straight to the entrance instead. Players who have not completed Enakhra's Lament can use the Pharaoh's sceptre to teleport to Jaldraocht Pyramid and run west, take the ferry to the Ruins of Unkah and run north, or take the carpet to Bedabin Camp and run south.

Players must have some sort of desert heat protection in order to survive. Desert amulet 4 provides immunity to the desert heat while worn, alternatively wearing the Hitpoints cape along with a regen bracelet will outheal the damage taken from desert heat. If neither of those are an option, the player can bring waterskins and fill them with the lunar spell Humidify.

Wearing Varrock armour 2 or higher increases the overall experience rate for this method, as it gives the player 10% chance to mine 2 ores at once while worn. It is also strongly recommended to use an infernal pickaxe if the player can afford to use it, as it significantly reduces the amount of ores that need to be dropped and also provides passive Smithing experience. One fully charged infernal pickaxe lasts for around 900,000–1,000,000 Mining experience. Using a crystal pickaxe is not recommended for this method, as it does not bring any benefits or increase experience rates because of tick manipulation being used, and it costs crystal shards to use.

Players should drop the mined pieces of granite on the ground between mines. This is done by starting the 3-tick action and clicking on the next rock, quickly dropping the granite and clicking the rock again. This requires accurate clicking and some practice to perform consistently, but it is much more efficient than dropping a full inventory. It is recommended to use resizable mode, zoom in and turn the camera south so that there is as little distance from the inventory to the rocks as possible. Turning data orbs off is also helpful to prevent any misclicks when clicking on the southernmost rock.

With good performance, players can gain up to around 60,000–70,000 experience per hour at level 45, increasing to around 85,000–90,000 experience per hour at level 70 and 105,000–115,000 experience per hour at higher levels. At level 99 with the Mining cape perk, it is possible to gain up to 125,000–130,000 experience per hour. Without tick manipulation players can expect to gain only around 63,000 experience per hour at best.

Other methods[edit | edit source]

Levels 30–99: Motherlode Mine[edit | edit source]

Motherlode Mine.png

Mining in the Motherlode Mine is a slow training method, but it requires a relatively low amount of effort and offers somewhat decent profit at higher levels. Level 30 is required to mine there, but players are advised to use faster methods until level 55 or level 61, as the experience is very slow at lower levels due to receiving less experience from collecting the pay-dirt. At higher levels, this method is only recommended for players who are looking for an easy training method, as the Volcanic Mine minigame offers much faster experience.

The fastest way to get there is to use the skills necklace teleport to the Mining Guild, and run a short distance to the entrance. Players will need to have a pickaxe on them to clear the obstructing rockfalls to be able to enter deeper into the mine.

Completing the medium tasks of the Falador Diary is recommended, as this grants the player access to a shortcut (requires level 54 Agility) to an area which is near the bank chest and relatively close to the hopper. Completion of the elite diary will also increase the chance of receiving higher-level ores.[1]

Players can obtain golden nuggets through cleaning pay-dirt, which can be used to purchase perks and rewards from Prospector Percy. The most notable reward is the Prospector kit, which adds a bonus 2.5% experience while mining. Having all the parts from the prospector kit is a requirement for completing the hard task set of the Falador Diary. Once the player reaches level 72 and has 100 golden nuggets, it is recommended to unlock the upper levels of the mine. The upper levels have more concentrated ore veins compared to the lower level, and they deplete after they have been mined for a set amount of time, unlike in the lower area, where it's a random chance per pay-dirt mined, making one vein last longer on average.

Experience rates scale depending on the Mining level. When using the dragon pickaxe, players can gain up to around 30,000 experience per hour at level 70, increasing to 42,000 experience per hour at level 85 and 53,000 experience per hour at level 99.

For more up to date calculations on profit per hour, see Motherlode Mine.

Levels 40–99: Gem rocks[edit | edit source]

Tick manipulation at gem rocks

Mining gem rocks offers relatively fast experience and decent profit. Gem rocks are also the fastest method on average to obtain the rock golem pet, and the only viable source of opal, jade and red topaz, which is particularly useful for ironmen.

Players will need to have completed the hard tasks of the Karamja Diary for access to the underground portion of the Shilo Village mine, which has many gem rocks and a bank deposit box nearby. Without the diary completion this method is not worth doing, as the surface area has much fewer rocks. Players will also need to wear an amulet of glory with charges, as this increases the chance of successfully receiving a gem. Using tick manipulation is recommended, as this increases experience rates and profit per hour.

Experience rates scale depending on the Mining level. Without tick manipulation, players can gain up to around 41,000–42,000 experience per hour below level 70, increasing to 52,000 experience per hour at level 80, 58,000 experience per hour at level 90 and 63,000 experience per hour at level 99. With tick manipulation, the experience rates can reach as high as 86,000 at level 99, which is among the highest for any Mining method while also yielding around 776,856.63 profit per hour. However, the Volcanic Mine offers slightly higher experience rates, albeit at much lower profit.

Levels 70–99: Volcanic Mine[edit | edit source]

Volcanic Mine.png

The Volcanic Mine minigame on Fossil Island offers relatively fast experience and it requires low amount of effort to participate in. However, it requires coordinated teamwork and it does not provide any significant profit. Level 50 is required to enter the mine, but it is recommended to use faster methods until level 70 as the experience is notably slower below that level.

To enter the mine, players must have completed the Bone Voyage quest, have earned at least 150 Kudos and have claimed the five unidentified small fossils from Peter after fully building the Museum Camp. Players must also pay Petrified Pete 30 numulites every time they wish to enter the mine. Over time, players will slightly profit numulites in the mine, however.

The official world for this minigame is world 323, although it is recommended to search for a team — the Grouping interface includes a clan chat for Volcanic Mine, where players may be found making groups. Having 3 to 5 players in a team is optimal, although duo is also viable. It is also possible to participate in the minigame entirely solo, but it requires much more effort and practice, and the experience rates are slightly slower than in a team.

Experience rates are shown in the table below. The rates scale depending on the level, and they may vary slightly depending on the team's performance.

Mining Level Dragon pickaxe.png XP/h Crystal pickaxe.png XP/h
70 68,000 N/A
75 69,000 75,000
80 72,000 81,000
85 76,000 86,000
90 79,000 90,000
95 81,000 91,000
99 84,000 94,000

Levels 75–99: Blast Mine[edit | edit source]

Blast mine.png

The Blast Mine minigame offers decent experience and profit from level 75 onwards. Participating in the minigame requires 100% Lovakengj favour. At level 75, players are able to obtain runite from blast mining, which makes bulk of the profit gained. While it is possible to participate in the minigame below level 75, this is not recommended as the lack of runite ores will severely hamper experience and profit rates. Having a higher Mining level increases the chances of obtaining better ores, increasing experience and profit as a result.

Blast mining requires dynamites, a chisel, and a tinderbox. Wearing weight-reducing clothing (such as the graceful outfit) and a charged ring of endurance is recommended to reduce run energy drain. Players may also need to drink stamina potions to restore run energy. Having a pickaxe is not necessary, but the dragon pickaxe's special attack can be used to temporarily increase the current Mining level to have a higher chance of receiving better ores. The Prospector kit can be worn for extra experience when collecting the ores from the operator.

Experience rates scales depending on the Mining level. Players can gain up to around 55,000 experience per hour at level 75, increasing to 65,000 experience per hour at level 90 and 70,000–75,000 experience per hour at level 99.

Levels 92–99: Amethyst[edit | edit source]

Amethyst is an alternative choice for players looking to mine with low effort or click intensity, albeit for very slow experience rates. At high Mining levels, players can expect to mine from 80 to 100 amethyst per hour, for approximately 20,000–25,000 experience per hour and 270,000330,000 profit per hour.

Ore table[edit | edit source]

Name Level Experience
Rune essence.png Rune essence 1 5
Clay.png Clay 1 5
Copper ore.png Copper 1 17.5
Tin ore.png Tin 1 17.5
Blurite ore.png Blurite ore 10 17.5
Limestone.png Limestone 10 26.5
Iron ore.png Iron 15 35
Silver ore.png Silver ore 20 40
Volcanic ash.png Volcanic ash 22 10
Coal.png Coal 30 50
Pure essence.png Pure essence 30 5
Pay-dirt.png Pay-dirt 30 60
Sandstone.png Sandstone 35 30,40,50,60
Gold ore.png Gold ore 40 65
Gem rock.png Gem rock 40 65
Granite.png Granite 45 50,60,75
Mithril ore.png Mithril ore 55 80
Lovakite ore.png Lovakite ore 65 10
Adamantite ore.png Adamantite 70 95
Runite ore.png Runite 85 125
Amethyst.png Amethyst 92 240

Quests for Mining experience[edit | edit source]

Quest Experience
Other requirements
The Forsaken Tower 500 - 20% Lovakengj favour
Doric's Quest 1,300 - -
Plague City 2,425 - -
The Giant Dwarf 2,500 - Thieving 14 , Crafting 12 , Firemaking 16 , Magic 33
Heroes' Quest 2,575 Mining 50 Quest points 55 , Cooking 53 , Fishing 53 , Herblore 25
Another Slice of H.A.M. 3,000 - Attack 15 , Prayer 25
The Lost Tribe 3,000 Mining 17 Agility 13 , Thieving 13
Between a Rock... 5,000 Mining 40 Defence 30 , Smithing 50
Enakhra's Lament 7,000 Mining 45 -optional Crafting 50 , Firemaking 45 , Prayer 43 , Magic 39
Making Friends with My Arm 10,000 Mining 72 Construction 35 , Firemaking 66 , Agility 68
The Dig Site 15,300 - Agility 10 , Herblore 10 , Thieving 25
Dragon Slayer II 18,000 Mining 68 Quest points 200 , Magic 75 , Smithing 70 , Crafting 62 , Agility 60 , Thieving 60 , Construction 50 , Hitpoints 50
Song of the Elves 20,000 Mining 70 Agility 70 , Construction 70 , Farming 70 , Herblore 70 , Hunter 70 , Smithing 70 , Woodcutting 70
Total 90,600

References[edit | edit source]

  1. ^ Jagex. Mod Ash's Twitter account. 8 November 2017. (Archived from the original on 30 May 2020.) Mod Ash: "[Was the diary reward for ore-choosing fixed?] 18th June 2015, yes."